Sapir, Edward (1884-1939). American linguist and anthropologist whose work inspired the Sapir-Whorf or linguistic-relativity hypothesis, that the structure of language in some way has an influence on thought. It was in the hopes of testing and exploring that idea that James Cooke Brown created Loglan (la loglan), the precursor to Lojban. Alternatively saPIR, eduyrtsyPIR, eduartsaPIR. See also uorf (Benjamin Lee Whorf, student of Sapir who further developed the linguistic-relativity hypothesis), spirofu.