a'o UI1 cmavo

attitudinal: hope - despair.

See also pacna.


In notes:

ko'oi
discursive: imperative/hortative
apma
x1 (agent) consigns (by thought, word, or deed) x2 (patient) to fate x3 (abstraction)
incala
x1 (entity) expresses a wish for a given future event x2 (event) to occur; x1 expresses "god willing" / "deo volente" hope