adverbi fu'ivla

x1 is an adverbial adjunct (adverb or adverbial clause) meaning x2 in language x3

In Lojban, this category encompasses NAKU, sumtcita and soi/xoi clauses. See also adverbivla.


In definition:

ja'aku
(adverbial) bridi logical affirmer; "it is true that...."; affirms the bridi as well as any other adverbial or quantifier located on its right.
naku
(adverbial) bridi contradictory negator; "it is not true that...."; negates the bridi as well as any other adverbial or quantifier located on its right.
fi'oi
Right-scoping adverbial clause: encloses a bridi and turns it into an adverbial term; the antecedent (ke'a) of the enclosed bridi stands for the outer bridi {lo su'u no'a ku} (the bridi in which this fi'oi term appears), including all the other adverbial terms (tags...) within this bridi located on the right of this fi'oi term (rightward scope).
kai'i
Property relativizing determiner. {kai'i} introduces a predicate whose first argument slot becomes filled by the property made by taking the bridi in which this {kai'i} appears and putting {ce'u} into the argument slot in which this {kai'i} argument was located. Put formally, "kai'i brodi cu brodu" = "lo ka ce'u brodu cu brodi". Additionally, a {kai'i} term has a rightward logical scope, like quantifiers and adverbials.
noi'a
incidental/non-restrictive adverbial: converts selbri to bridi adverbial term. The first place of the converted selbri is claimed to be such that the outer bridi satisfies it, and the outer bridi is claimed. {broda noi'a brode} means {lo nu broda ku goi ko'a cu fasnu .i ko'a brode}.
poi'a
restrictive adverbial: converts selbri to bridi adverbial term. The first place of the converted selbri is claimed to occur in conjunction with the outer bridi. {broda poi'a brode} means {lo nu broda cu fasnu gi'e brode}.
poi'o'a
restrictive first place adverbial: converts selbri to bridi adverbial term. The outer bridi is claimed to occur together with the event of the first place of that bridi satisfying the converted selbri. {broda poi'o'a brode} means {broda fau lo nu vo'a brode}.
soi'a
subordinating adverbial: converts selbri to bridi adverbial term. The bridi is claimed to satisfy the first place of the converted selbri, but is not itself claimed to occur. {broda soi'a brode} means {lo nu broda cu brode}
xoi
Right-scoping adverbial clause: encloses a bridi and turns it into an adverbial term; the antecedent (ke'a) of the enclosed bridi stands for the outer bridi {lo su'u no'a ku} (the bridi in which this xoi term appears), including all the other adverbial terms (tags...) within this bridi located on the right of this xoi term (rightward scope).
inbri
x1 (proposition) is a clause expressing adverbial relation x2 (property of nonce place, has places for ce'u referring to members of x3) and connecting members of x3 (ordered group)
inbrisni
x1 (text) is a clause with adverbial x2 (text) and connecting members of x3 (ordered group of text)

In notes:

adverbivla
x1 is an adverb (word class) meaning x2 in language x3
enkopula
x1 is a copula, a verb-like word linking x2 (ordered group)