bilga -big- gismu

x1 is bound/obliged to/has the duty to do/be x2 in/by standard/agreement x3; x1 must do x2.

Also x3 frame of reference. See also zifre, fuzme.


In notes:

fuzme
x1 is responsible/accountable for x2 (action/resulting state) to judge/authority x3.
zifre
x1 is free/at liberty to do/be x2 (event/state) under conditions x3.
ei
attitudinal: obligation - freedom.
madyske
s1 (mass of facts) is the study of conduct-governing standards s2=m1 based on methodology s3.
ko'oi
discursive: imperative/hortative