x_{1} is certain/sure/positive/convinced that x_{2} is true.

See also jetnu, jinvi, krici, djuno, senpi, sruma.

- djuno
- x
_{1}knows fact(s) x_{2}(du'u) about subject x_{3}by epistemology x_{4}. - jetnu
- x
_{1}(du'u) is true/truth by standard/epistemology/metaphysics x_{2}. - jinvi
- x
_{1}thinks/opines x_{2}[opinion] (du'u) is true about subject/issue x_{3}on grounds x_{4}. - krici
- x
_{1}believes [regardless of evidence/proof] belief/creed x_{2}(du'u) is true/assumed about subject x_{3}. - senpi
- x
_{1}doubts/is dubious/doubtful/skeptical/questions that x_{2}(du'u) is true. - sruma
- x
_{1}assumes/supposes that x_{2}(du'u) is true about subject x_{3}; [epistemology]. - ju'o
- attitudinal modifier: certainty - uncertainty - impossibility.
- bitybi'o
- x
_{1}=bin_{1}=bir_{1}becomes certain that x_{2}=bir_{2}under conditions x_{3}=bin_{3}. - bitygau
- g
_{1}convinces/persuades b_{1}that b_{2}is true. - ciplanli
- l
_{1}experiments l_{2}=c_{2}by means l_{3}. - selbirti
- x
_{2}=b_{1}is certain/sure/positive/convinced that x_{1}=b_{2}is true. - flese
- x
_{1}is (a) philosophy/ideology (one sense) about/of/pertaining to topic/subfield (one sense) x_{2}with subfield (different sense)/features/details/specifics/specific idea(s) x_{3}, with methodology x_{4}, followed/thought/considered by x_{5}(thinker/philosopher/individual); philosophy x_{1}is characterized by values/thoughts/opinions/ruminations x_{3}about topic/subject x_{2}.