x_{1} is an elder/ancestor of x_{2} by bond/tie/degree x_{3}; x_{1}'s generation precedes x_{2}'s parents.

- patfu
- x
_{1}is a father of x_{2}; x_{1}begets/sires/acts paternal towards x_{2}; [not necessarily biological]. - rirni
- x
_{1}is a parent of/raises/rears x_{2}; x_{1}mentors/acts parental toward child/protege x_{2}. - tamne
- x
_{1}is cousin to x_{2}by bond/tie x_{3}; [non-immediate family member, default same generation]. - dzejdasra
- s
_{1}=d_{2}=l_{2}is a conservative in beliefs l_{3}against opposition s_{3}by means s_{4} - dzejdasratrusi'o
- si
_{1}is a conservative political ideology as applied by t_{1}=sa_{1}=d_{2}=l_{2}among/in people/territory/domain t_{2}based on the works of thinker si_{3} - dzeklu
- k
_{1}is classical. - ginlazdze
- x
_{1}is a genetic-familial/'blood' ancestor of x_{2}by bond/tie/relation/of degree x_{3}. - ginlazyseldze
- x
_{1}is a genetic-familial/'blood' descendant of x_{2}by bond/tie/relation/of degree x_{3}. - turne'i
- x
_{1}is a descendant of x_{2}in hierarchy x_{3} - turnersei
- x
_{1}is a descendant of x_{2}, x_{3}levels down from it, in hierarchy x_{4} - tursei
- x
_{1}is x_{3}(undirected) hops away from x_{2}in graph x_{4} - tseingu
- x
_{1}(node in a tree graph) and x_{2}(node in the same tree graph) have an essentially unique most recent (graph-nearest) common ancestor node A such that x_{3}[nonnegative integer; li] is the minimum element of the set consisting only of d(A, x_{1)}and of d(A, x_{2)}, and such that x_{4}[integer; li] is d(A, x_{1) - d(}A, x_{2)}, where d is the graph geodesic distance (defined to be infinite if nodes are not connected in the correct direction). - turnela
- x
_{1}is a child of x_{2}(one level below it) in hierarchy x_{3} - turtuba
- x
_{1}and x_{2}share common parent x_{3}in hierarchy x_{4} - celguntas
- x
_{1}is Sagittarius [astronomical constellation/astrological sign].