x_{1} is adjacent/beside/next to/in contact with x_{2} in property/sequence x_{3} in direction x_{4}.

Also touching, contiguous, against. See also zvati, cpana, jibni, diklo, stuzi, bartu, jbini.

- bartu
- x
_{1}is on the outside of x_{2}; x_{1}is exterior to x_{2}. - cpana
- x
_{1}is upon/atop/resting on/lying on [the upper surface of] x_{2}in frame of reference/gravity x_{3}. - diklo
- x
_{1}is local to x_{2}; x_{1}is confined to locus x_{2}within range x_{3}; x_{1}is regional - jbini
- x
_{1}is between/among set of points/bounds/limits x_{2}(set)/amidst mass x_{2}in property x_{3}(ka). - jibni
- x
_{1}is near/close to/approximates x_{2}in property/quantity x_{3}(ka/ni). - stuzi
- x
_{1}is an inherent/inalienable site/place/position/situation/spot/location of x_{2}(object/event). - zvati
- x
_{1}(object/event) is at/attending/present at x_{2}(event/location). - bavlamke'u
- x
_{1}is the next/following time that x_{2}happens. - la'irze'a
- z
_{1}=l_{1}gets closer to l_{2}in property l_{3}by amount z_{3}. - lampagre
- p
_{1}=l_{1}passes by p_{2}to p_{3}from p_{4}by l_{2}. - purlamke'u
- x
_{1}is the last time/previous time that x_{2}happened. - sepcau
- s
_{1}is immediately next to x_{2}. - bai'ei
- unary mathematical operator: successor/augment/increment (by one), succ(a) = a++ = a+1
- lamji'utka
- x
_{1}is directly or indirectly touching x_{2}via intermediate steps x_{3}(ce'o list); x_{1}and x_{2}belong to the same connected component. - utka
- x
_{1}and x_{2}are path-linked by binary predicate x_{3}(ka) via steps x_{4}(ce'o (ordered) list)