- a'au
*(exp!)* - attitudinal: moved deeply - unimpressive
- ai'ei
*(exp!)* - forced intent
- ai'i
*(exp!)* - attitudinal: determination - lack of determination - resignation
- ai'y
*(exp!)* - letteral for i when ending a diphthong (ai, ei, oi), sometimes written as ị
- a'oi
*(exp!)* - vocative: slightly piratical greetings
- au'a
*(exp!)* - attitudinal: 🥺
- au'e
*(exp!)* - obedience - rebellion
- au'i
*(exp!)* - attitudinal: happy for other's gain – neutral about other's gain – jealous
- au'o
*(exp!)* - combination of "a'o" (hope) with "au" (desire): hopeful wish.
- a'u'u
*(exp!)* - attitudinal: peek-a-boo!
- au'u
*(exp!)* - attitudinal: cute (attractive in an innocent way) - lack of cuteness - repulsively uncute
- au'y
*(exp!)* - letteral for u when ending a diphthong (au), sometimes written as ụ
- a'y
*(exp!)* - letteral for a.
- ba'ai
- discursive suffix: attaches to number. "I expect with probability..."
- ba'au
- tense: refers to future of current space/time reference absolutely
- ba'ei
- forethought emphasis indicator; indicates next WORD only, even if that word is a construct-indicating cmavo
- bai'ei
- unary mathematical operator: successor/augment/increment (by one), succ(a) = a++ = a+1
- bai'i
- mekso string operator (ternary): find-and-replace; in string/text/word/sequence X1 formally replace X2 (ordered tuple of terms to be replaced) with X3 (ordered tuple of terms to be respectively substituted)
- bai'i'i
- mekso operator: in ordered tuple/list/vector/sequence X
_{1}, replace the X_{2}th entry with term X_{3}of appropriate type, and leave all other entries untouched (optional: where the index for the very first/leading/header entry is X_{4}). - ba'i'o
*(exp!)* - Converts letterals, cmevla, or other sumti into ISO language.
- ba'oi
*(exp!)* - Converts PA into tense; in [number (usually nonspecific)] possible futures where [sumti (du'u)] is true
- bau'u
*(exp!)* - preposition: outside of ...
- be'ei
*(exp!)* - benre modal, 1st place for beneficiary...
- be'ei'oi
- ternary mekso operator: x
_{1}th Bergelson multiplicative interval with exponents bounded from above by function x_{2}and with sequence of shifts x_{3}, where exponents belong to set x_{4} - bei'a
- quotes a non-Lojban letter
- bei'au
- quotes non-Lojban letters (delimited)
- bei'e
- Multiple sumti link; open-ended sumti-linking.
- bei'oi
- Tag linkarge 2
- bei'u'i
- unary mekso operator: nth Bernoulli number B
_{n}of the second kind (B_{1 }= +1/2 = >0). - be'oi
- Tag linkarge
- bi'a
*(exp!)* - emphasis indicator; indicates the previous word is especially emphasized
- bi'ai
*(exp!)* - Sumtcita indicating that the bridi must be true under the conditions indicated by the tagged sumti.
- bi'au
*(exp!)* - attitudinal: bzz, bee/other insect sound
- bi'ei
- number/digit: 2
^{(2×5/3) }= 8×(2^{(1/3))}. - bi'oi
- non-logical interval connective: ordered interval with specified endpoint/terminus x
_{1}and signed measure/length/duration x_{2}; interval between x_{1}and x_{1 + x}according to the ordering of the space. - bi'oi'au
- digit/number: interval/range indicator for significant digits (determined by lesser endpoint).
- bo'a
*(exp!)* - pro-sumti: definitional terbri variable 1; x
_{1} - bo'ai
*(exp!)* - convert number into pro-sumti: definitional terbri variable with associated number; x
_{n} - bo'a'oi
*(exp!)* - non-logical connective: in superposition with
- bo'e
*(exp!)* - pro-sumti: definitional terbri variable 2; x
_{2} - bo'ei
- single Lojban-word name quote, turns to selbri-unit: "x
_{1}is that which has this name" - bo'i
*(exp!)* - pro-sumti: definitional terbri variable 3; x
_{3} - boi'ai
- unary mekso operator: immediately convert number into a single digit.
- boi'au
*(exp!)* - immediately convert symbolic string to number (explicit)
- boi'e'u
- mekso operator/function terminator (in Polish notation): inserts exactly enough "{boi}"'s consecutively so as to terminate the most recently uttered operator/function in a mekso expression
- boi'oi
- preserve formal interpretation of mekso subexpression with no substitutions made
- boi'o'u
- explicit "mu'o'u"-orientation marker
- bo'o
*(exp!)* - pro-sumti: definitional terbri variable 4; x
_{4} - bo'oi
*(exp!)* - attitudinal: silliness - maturity
- bo'u
*(exp!)* - pro-sumti: definitional terbri variable 5; x
_{5} - bu'a'a
*(exp!)* - naturalistic interjection: used to express a fit of overwhelming or uncontrollable laughter; the stereotypical 'evil laugh'
- bu'ai
- abstractor: abstractor to create logically quantified selbri variable to be used in predicate logic of third or higher order.
- bu'o'e
*(exp!)* - elliptical/unspecified/vague letteral/symbol
- bu'oi
*(exp!)* - Interjection: Boo!
- by'ai
- digit/number: eighteen (decimal 18).
- ca'au
- Refers to what is usually assumed to be the argument of tense tags when no explicit argument is given
- ca'e'ei
*(exp!)* - Evidential: "because I say so"/"because I assert it to be true"/"it is known".
- ca'ei
- shorthand for {ca lo nu}; during the event-of
- ca'ei'a
- Unary mekso operator: unit vector/normalization of the argument (vector) X.
- cai'e
*(exp!)* - strong scalar intensifier: extremely...
- ca'o'a
- Contraction of ca'o co'a. Expresses that the event is progressively beginning.
- ca'o'e
- mekso 4-nary operator: spherical harmonics on colatitudinal/polar angle a and azimuthal/longitudinal angle b of unassociated order c and associated order d.
- ca'oi
- binary operator: complex number from argument and phase, (r, \phi) \mapsto r e
^{i \phi} - cau'a
- elliptical/unspecified truth value; "maybe, maybe not"
- ca'u'e
- begin lines of serial dialogue
- cau'e
*(exp!)* - elliptical/unspecified scalar modifier: "maybe, maybe not", modifies next selbri-unit or tag
- cau'i
- modifier / discursive: elliptical affirmative; "maybe, maybe not"
- ca'u'o
- Terminate "ca'u'e" construct.
- cau'o'e
*(exp!)* - elliptical/vague/indecisive scalar affirmer/negator; true neutral/non-committed/uninvolved scalar truthfulness/assertion.
- ce'ai
- lambda variable prenex; marks the end of introduction of lambda-scope variables.
- ce'au
*(exp!)* - Formulates periodic ordered list of exactly the connectands in the order presented.
- ce'ei'oi
- BIhI argument modifier: indicates dimensionality/length of tuple
- cei'a
- x
_{1}is the year / era of years indicated by PA (digit string) in calendar system x_{2} - cei'e
- define following selbri with sentence or tu'e...tu'u clause
- cei'i
*(exp!)* - pro-bridi: the universal predicate
- cei'u
- extracts an element from a set, category, class, group, collection, organization, system, etc.
- ce'oi
*(exp!)* - argument list separator: acts as a comma between arguments in an argument list supplied to a function.
- ci'a
- metadata tag / hashtag
- ci'ai
*(exp!)* - discursive: marks an utterance as using something that is experimental/not official, especially experimental grammar
- ci'ai'u
- unary mex operator: n-set; maps a nonnegative integer 'a' to the set \1, \dots ,a\ (the intersection of the set of all natural numbers with the closed ordered interval [1,a] such that a geq 1).
- ci'au
- attitudinal-indicator-to-selbri conversion: x
_{1}feels the indicated emotion toward/about x_{2}. - ci'au'i
- mekso at-most-4-ary operator: integer lattice ball; the set of all points belonging to the intersection of Z
^{n}with the closure of the ball that is centered on X_{1}and has radius X_{2}in metric X_{3}, where Z is the set of all integers and where, for any set A and non-negative integer n, A^{n}is the set of all n-tuples such that each coordinate/entry/term belongs to A, and where the dimensionality n = X_{4}.. - ci'au'u
- elidable terminator: end conversion of attitudinal indicator to selbri; elidable except before further attitudinals.
- ci'au'u'au'i
*(exp!)* - attitudinal: pride about having just invented a new attitudinal - shame about having just invented a new attitudinal
- ci'e'u
*(exp!)* - quotes an emoji name surrounded by pauses; can be non-Lojban
- ci'i'e
- transfnite cardinal beth
- ci'i'o
- transfinite ordinal little-omega; if followed by a number, it denotes the ordinal which is little-omega subscripted therewith in English notation
- ci'i'oi
- transfinite ordinal little-epsilon; if followed by a number, in English notation, the following number would be denoted by a subscript
- ci'o'au
- mekso operator (binary): projection function; the Bth term/entry ("element") of tuple A
- ci'oi
*(exp!)* - Converts following cmevla or zoi-quote into psychomime.
- co'a'a
- superfective inchoative; starting too late
- co'ai
- placed after a tanru with CO, following sumti return to the place structure of the left tanru unit.
- co'ai'e
- Non-committal/agnostic/unassertive/abstaining/neutral tanru inversion.
- co'au'a
- interval event contour: at the restarting/renewal point of...
- co'au'e
- trivial selbri inversion: does not invert tanru (seltau first/left, tertau second/right).
- co'e'o'e
- Elliptical elliptical. Beware, its grammar is also elliptical.
- coi'e
- x
_{1}is PA hours in duration by standard x_{2}. - coi'o'e
*(exp!)* - asks the listener to provide a word matching the preceding description being the seltau
- co'o'e
- elliptical/vague/unspecific/generic tanru inversion
- co'oi
*(exp!)* - Combination of {coi} and {co'o}, indicating either greetings or partings according to context; may also constitute a greeting in passing (such as {coico'o}).
- co'u'a
- interval event contour: premature cessation; done although not finished; at the ending point of ... even though not completed.
- co'u'o
- tanru inversion question: asks for a CO cmavo.
- cu'ai
- binary mathematical operator: vector norm/magnitude of vector a in structure (normed vector space) b.
- cu'au
- universal famyma'o: terminates the most recently opened construct or clause.
- cu'au'ei
- mekso binary/unary operator: multinomial coefficient/binomial coefficient/choose
- cu'ei
*(exp!)* - discursive: indicate a change in speaker; used generally in quotations.
- cu'ei'a
*(exp!)* - discursive: indicate a change in speaker to ko'a; used generally in quotations.
- cu'ei'ai
*(exp!)* - discursive: indicate a change in speaker to first person (mi); used generally in quotations.
- cu'ei'e
*(exp!)* - discursive: indicate a change in speaker to ko'e; used generally in quotations.
- cu'ei'ei
*(exp!)* - discursive: indicate a change in speaker to general third person (zo'e); used generally in quotations.
- cu'ei'i
*(exp!)* - discursive: indicate a change in speaker to ko'i; used generally in quotations.
- cu'ei'o
*(exp!)* - discursive: indicate a change in speaker to ko'o; used generally in quotations.
- cu'ei'oi
*(exp!)* - discursive: indicate a change in speaker to second person (do); used generally in quotations.
- cu'ei'u
*(exp!)* - discursive: indicate a change in speaker to ko'u; used generally in quotations.
- cu'i'a
*(exp!)* - attitudinal: intentionally - unintentionally - against intention.
- cu'oi'e
- convert number to statistical odds selbri; event x
_{1}(nu) has statistical odds (n) of occurring (versus not occuring) under conditions x_{2}. - cu'u'u'u'u'u'u'u'u'u'u'u'u'u'u'u'u'u'u'u'u'u'u'u'u'u'u'u'u'u'u'u'u'u'u'u'u'u'u'u'u'u'u'u'u'u'u'u'u
*(exp!)* - discursive: verbosely – succinctly.
- da'a'au
- mekso operatory: prime mark append
- da'ai
- other than me
- da'ai'a
*(exp!)* - "da'avni" modal: except under condition ...; unless ...; excepting/exempting (condition) ... .
- da'au
- pro-sumti: forgetful something/memory-less da
- da'ei
- attitudinal cause attribution
- dai'a
*(exp!)* - attitudinal modifier: marks preceding attitudinal as empathetic with an anticipated attitude; encourages another's feelings.
- dai'i
- attitudinal modifier: supposed emotion - factual emotion
- dai'o
*(exp!)* - discursive & gafyzmico: reset/restore all defaults (permanently) to discourse-exterior specification; cancel all following discourse-interior default assignments
- da'oi
- attitudinal attribution
- dau'a
- gafyzmico: Reset all default specifications of immediately previous word to official definition specifications hereinafter (permanently)
- dau'e
- Numeral: Some but not all.
- dau'i
*(exp!)* - attitudinal: equal intensity attitudinal relativizer
- dau'o
- Quantifier modifier: endowment of existential import - repeal of existential import/abstention from claiming existence - assertion of non-existence
- dau'u
*(exp!)* - variable identifier article: refer to the referents of the variable having the following predicate as its name; such a variable may be implicitly bound by {PA broda} or {LE broda} phrases; if no such variable has been previously bound, the referents are left to the context to determine; the referents are not claimed to actually satisfy the predicate after which the variable is named.
- de'a'ai
*(exp!)* - vocative: pausing conversation
- de'ai
- default value (re)specification/(re)assignment/(re)definition/over-write; set new default value (terbri-specific; permanent)
- de'au
- gafyzmico: Cancellation (permanent) of all defaults in immediately previous word
- de'au'u
- mekso ternary operator: positive super-logarithm; the super-logarithm (inverse operator of hyper-operator with respect to "height" of power tower) of a with base b and of order c-2.
- de'ei
*(exp!)* - on (n)-th day from a given point (by default from today)
- de'i'a
*(exp!)* - in the Nth century.
- dei'a
- tense interval modifier: decreasingly...; decrementative. Tagged sumti, if present, indicates amount of decrease (lo te jdika)
- dei'au'o
- mekso binary operator: Lambert product-log W function; W(a, b)
- de'i'e
*(exp!)* - in the year N.
- dei'e
- pro-sumti: the next word
- dei'ei
*(exp!)* - pro-sumti: this entire document/text
- de'i'i
*(exp!)* - in the Nth month.
- dei'i
*(exp!)* - non-logical connective: set difference of x
_{1}and x_{2}: x_{1dei'ix}=x_{1\setminusx}=\x\inx_{1:x\notinx} - dei'i'u
*(exp!)* - Attaches date and time starting with years and ending in seconds.
- de'i'o
*(exp!)* - on the Nth day of the month.
- dei'o
- pro-sumti: this word
- de'i'u
*(exp!)* - on the Nth day of the week.
- dei'u
- pro-sumti: the previous word
- de'oi
- Cancellation (instant-/usage-wise; temporary) of all defaults in immediately previous word
- di'a'ai
*(exp!)* - vocative: resuming conversation
- di'ai
*(exp!)* - vocative: well-wish - curse
- di'au
- pro-sumti and sumyzmico: discourse-interior default it (terbri-specific)
- di'ei
- pro-sumti and sumyzmico: an elliptical/unspecified value which does not necessarily obey the default setting for the corresponding terbri that is explicitly specified in the definition of the word; has some value which makes bridi true
- di'ei'o'au
- mathematical ternary operator: Dirichlet convolution (a×b)(c)
- di'oi
- pro-sumti & sumyzmico: discourse-exterior default it
- do'ai
*(exp!)* - discursive & gafyzmico: ignore/kill all following default specifications (permanently)
- do'au
- pro-sumti whose referent's identity may be chosen by the listener
- do'ei
- impersonal pronoun; generic-you; generic-one; a generalized person
- doi'a
- gafyzmico: Reset all default specification of the immediately previous word to their respective discourse-external/official definition specifications for this instance/usage only.
- doi'au
*(exp!)* - audience switch marker.
- doi'e
- x
_{1}is PA days in duration by standard x_{2}. - doi'oi
*(exp!)* - vocative: to the attention of, CC, carbon-copy(ing) ...
- doi'u
*(exp!)* - Quotes a word; the result is a pro-sumti for the most recent utterance containing that word.
- do'oi
- generic single-word generic vocative marker; identifies intended listener with a single, possibly non-Lojban word, delimited by pauses (in speech) or by whitespace (in writing).
- do'o'o
- pro-sumti: the original speaker (= you the primary listener/target) and the rest of the audience, excluding the new/current speaker (= me).
- do'u'o
- question word: which utterance?
- du'a'e
- mekso n-ary ordered operator: structure creator/ordered tuple, 'endow'; the structure formed by underlying set X
_{1}(as) endowed with element, order, quoted operator, etc. X_{2}, X_{3}, ... - du'ai
- converts a sumti into a tanru-unit with place structure "x1 is/are the referents of [the sumti]".
- du'a'o
- mekso binary operator: extract substructure/underlying set/endowing operator; the substructure (general sense; includes just operator, order, set, etc.) of X
_{1}(structure; explicitly given by {du'a'e}) which is formed by collecting the ith entries of that {du'a'e}-tuple in order together into their own {du'a'e}-tuple (or by extracting them naked into the ambient environment if X_{2}is a singleton) for all i in set X_{2} - du'au
- Text to bridi conversion
- du'ei
- mekso binary operator: left-handed vectorial cross product (ordered input), -a \times b = b \times a (if using right-hand convention - notice the negative sign/operator or order).
- du'oi
*(exp!)* - location tense relation/direction (angular); clockwise from..., locally rightwards/to the right of ...
- dy'ei
- digit/number: twenty (decimal 20).
- e'au
*(exp!)* - mix of .e'a (permission) + .e'e (encouragement) + .e'i (constraint) + .e'o (request) + .e'u (suggestion) + .au (desire)
- e'e'e
*(exp!)* - naturalistic interjection: shy giggle
- e'ei
*(exp!)* - attitudinal: appeal/call/invocation/summoning
- ei'au
*(exp!)* - Attitudinal: heart melting and opening - unmoved - heart freezing and withdrawing
- ei'e
*(exp!)* - irrealis attitudinal: competence (ja'ai) - incompetence (nai)
- ei'i
*(exp!)* - irrealis attitudinal: constraint (ja'ai) - independence (cu'i) - resistance against constraint (nai)
- ei'u
*(exp!)* - Attitudinal: advice/posit/well-considered idea - spitballing/proposal (no investment or confidence in it being a good idea) - rejection of suggestion/idea
- e'u'a
*(exp!)* - logical connective: sumti afterthought always true.
- e'y
*(exp!)* - letteral for e.
- fa'ai
- mathematical ordered n-ary operator: (pointwise) functional left composition; X
_{1 \circ X}. - fa'ai'ai
- mekso k-ary operator, for natural k and 1 < k < 5: ordered input (f, g, S, m) where f and g are functions, S is a set of positive integers or "ro" (="all"), and m is 0 or 1 (as a toggle); output is a function equivalent to the function f as applied to an input ordered tuple with g applied to the entries/terms with indices in S (or to all entries/terms if S="ro") if m=0, or g left-composed with the same if m=1.
- fa'au
- mathematical unary operator: map notation
- fa'au'u
- nonce place; tags sumti with an unspecified connection to the bridi
- fa'ei
*(exp!)* - Unary mekso operator: reverse finite ordered sequence, tuple, list, string, etc.
- fai'a
*(exp!)* - translation marker - original/native version: marks a construct as having been translated and therefore particularly (possibly, but not necessarily) susceptible to the errors or limitations associated with translation (especially if the translator is unsure of the best result/option)
- fai'e'ai
- digit/number: the second Feigenbaum constant α = 2.502907875095892822283902873218...
- fai'e'au
- digit/number: first Feigenbaum constant δ = 4.669 201 609 102 990 671 853 203 821 578(...).
- fai'i
- Pendent preposition. Introduces a dangling argument that doesn't take part in the surrounding argument structure; similarly to {zo'u}, it may be used for pre-declaring a quantification, or for introducing an argument that will be later referred to anaphorically. The pronoun {zoi'i} is automatically bound to the argument introduced by {fai'i}.
- fai'u
- digit/number: phi, the "golden ratio" (approx. = 1.6180...); the ratio a/b such that it equals (a+b)/a
- fai'u'a
- digit/number: the fine-structure constant \alpha \approx 7.2973525698(\dots)×10
^{(-3) \approx 1/137.035999074}. - fa'oi
- sentence fence: the speaker is done speaking and signals to the addressee that they may now speak up if they so desire.
- fa'o'o
- end of all Lojban text, forever.
- fau'a
*(exp!)* - Convert operator to being entrywise.
- fa'u'ai
*(exp!)* - non-logical connective: antirespectively; unmixed but reverse ordered distributed association.
- fau'ai
*(exp!)* - Iteratively applies "fau'a" to each resultant operator until all operators resolve.
- fau'au
- two-tier function map/assignment writer notation: X1 (ordered list, no repetitious terms) maps termwise-respectively to X2 (ordered list; may be repetitious but must have exactly as many terms as X1)
- fau'e
- iterated function left-composition with self: f∘f∘...∘f, n times.
- fau'i
- mekso ternary operator: inverse function of input function X
_{1}with respect to its input X_{2}, taken on branch or restricted domain X_{3}("domain" being of X_{1}). - fau'u
*(exp!)* - Forgive me!/I'm sorry!
- fe'au'u
- mekso ternary operator: positive super-root; the bth super-root (inverse operator of hyper-operator with respect to base) of a of order c-2.
- fe'ei
- binary mekso operator: divided by (fraction): a/(b...)
- fei'i
- mekso variable-arity (at most ternary) operator: number of prime divisors of number X
_{1}, counting with or without multiplicity according to the value X_{2}(1 xor 0 respectively; see note for equality to -1 and for default value), in structure X_{3}. - fei'u
*(exp!)* - Prefix division by following unit selbri
- fe'oi
*(exp!)* - Vocative: Fin, the end, you may applaud now, conclusion; story ending or punchline marker
- fi'ai
- marks end of prenex in stack-based dialect
- fi'au
- mekso operator: continued fraction, Kettenbruch notation; for ordered input (X
_{1, X}, where: X_{1}is an ordered pair of functions and X_{2}is a free or dummy variable/input/index which ranges through set X_{3}in order(ing) X_{4}, the result is K_{(X}for Kettenbruch notation K. - fi'ei
*(exp!)* - ifle modal, 1st place: if [sumti] (du'u or nu) is true...
- fi'oi
- Right-scoping adverbial clause: encloses a bridi and turns it into an adverbial term; the antecedent (ke'a) of the enclosed bridi stands for the outer bridi {lo su'u no'a ku} (the bridi in which this fi'oi term appears), including all the other adverbial terms (tags...) within this bridi located on the right of this fi'oi term (rightward scope).
- fo'ai
*(exp!)* - Creates a predicate abstraction sumti out of a full bridi clause, binding all the necessary lambda variables to the ko'a-ko'u pronoun series. The number of bound variables must be indicated by appending {xi} followed by that number to the word {fo'ai}, unless only one variable (namely {fo'a}) is bound, in which case the {xi} marking is optional.
- foi'e
- GOI attachment modifier: allows a cmavo of selma'o GOI (which must follow immediately) to be attached to a selbri
- foi'i
- create a relation abstraction sumti out of a full bridi clause, binding the two lambda variables to the {fo'i} and {fo'u} pronouns.
- fu'a'ai
- digit/number: first Foias' constant; the unique value of x
_{1}such that x_{n}-> ∞ as n -> ∞ for x_{n+1 }= (1 + (1/( x_{n )))^n}; such x_{1}= 1.187… - fu'a'au
- digit/number: second Foias constant; the value x for which (1/x)(1 + (1/x))
^{x}=1 is true; ≈ 2.293… - fu'au
*(exp!)* - discursive: luckily - not pertaining to luck - unluckily.
- fu'ei
- begin within-context quote.
- fu'ei'a
*(exp!)* - discursive: indicate a change in speaker to fo'a; used generally in quotations.
- fu'ei'e
*(exp!)* - discursive: indicate a change in speaker to fo'e; used generally in quotations.
- fu'ei'i
*(exp!)* - discursive: indicate a change in speaker to fo'i; used generally in quotations.
- fu'ei'o
*(exp!)* - discursive: indicate a change in speaker to fo'o; used generally in quotations.
- fu'ei'u
*(exp!)* - discursive: indicate a change in speaker to fo'u; used generally in quotations.
- fy'ai
- digit/number: twenty-one (decimal 21).
- fy'oi
*(exp!)* - Number suffix initiating a subordinate clause representing a predicate whose arity is the suffixed number; the lambda variables representing the predicate slots are bound from the fo'a-fo'u series in their dictionary ordering; the number of bound variables is the same as the predicate arity.
- ga'ai
- unary mekso operator: Lorentz-Einstein gamma factor +1/((1-(|X|
^{2))}for input X. - ga'au
- digit/number: Euler–Mascheroni constant, usually denoted by lowercase gamma (γ); approximately 0.5772156649 (in decimal).
- ga'ei
- abstractor: sensation / qualia abstractor; x
_{1}is the sensation / qualia associated with objects with property [bridi, bound to ce'u], via sense x_{2}, as sensed by x_{3} - gai'i
*(exp!)* - zgadi/cadga modal; 1st place: with just/expected result ...; should/ought to result in ...
- gai'o
*(exp!)* - pro-bridi: the empty predicate
- ga'oi
*(exp!)* - evidential: I disagree with you vehemently, but offer no substantive counterarguments/information pulled from my ass
- gau'a
- mekso (no-more-than-4-ary) operator: Gaussian function f(x, a, b, c) = c e
^{-((x-a)}. - ga'u'au
- mekso n-ary operator: append contravariant (upper) indices to tensor
- gau'e
*(exp!)* - ganse modal, 1st place to perceiver ... ; sensed, detected by ...
- gau'i'o
- digit/number: Gauss' arithmetic-geometric mean of 1 and √(2)=sqrt(2) constant G ≈ .8346268…
- gau'o
*(exp!)* - location tense relation / direction; upon/atop ...
- ge'ai
- metasyntactic variable prenex
- ge'ei
*(exp!)* - metasyntactic variable marker
- gei'au
- mekso 7-ary operator: for input (X
_{1 }= z, X_{2 }= (a_{i)}= (b_{j)}= p, X_{5 }= q, X_{6 }= h_{1, X}= h_{2)}, this word/function outputs/yields \sum_{n}=0^\infty (((\prod_{i }= 1^{p (}ne'o'o(a_{i,n,1,h}= 1^{q (}ne'o'o(b_{j,n,1,h}; by default, X_{6 }= 1 = X_{7}unless explicitly specified otherwise. - gei'i'e
*(exp!)* - mekso unary operator: converts a string of digits which includes {pi} to the same string of digits without {pi}; if {pi} is not present in the original/input string, the output is identical
- ge'u'a
*(exp!)* - logical connective: forethought all but tanru-internal always true (with gi).
- ge'u'i
- elidable terminator for connective modifiers
- gi'a'a
*(exp!)* - logical connective: forethought all but tanru-internal always false (with gi).
- gi'au
- pro-sumti: refers to the proposition that is the left-hand side complement of the current logical connection.
- gi'ei
- afterthought abstraction wrapper
- gi'e'u'a
- logical connective: bridi-tail afterthought always true.
- gi'i'a'a
- logical connective: bridi-tail afterthought always false.
- gi'o'i
*(exp!)* - pro-bridi: in the second half of a bridi forethought connective expression, refers to the first half.
- gi'oi
- This cmavo precedes a predicate (at least binary) and turns it into a forethought conjunction, which syntactically behaves like GA cmavo. The predicate indicates the relationship between the two connected propositions. Terminator: {te'u}.
- go'ai
*(exp!)* - last bridi (with its modifiers)
- go'au
*(exp!)* - marks the tagged sumti as being scope-wide within the immediate parent (text-wide by default) specified in the argument of the vocative
- goi'e
*(exp!)* - assign sentence or tu'e...tu'u group to sumti
- go'oi
- pro-bridi: quotes the next word and repeats the most recent bridi containing that word
- go'o'i'a
- digit/number: Goloumb-Dickman constant ≈ .6243…
- gu'ai
- binary operator: left group action g.x
- gu'au'i
- mekso operator, variable arity - algebraic structure order of X1; OR: order of/(size of) period of element X1 in algebraic structure X2 under operator/of type X3
- gu'e'u'a
- logical connective: tanru-internal forethought always true (with gi).
- gu'i'a'a
- logical connective: tanru-internal forethought always false (with gi).
- gu'y
*(exp!)* - predicate modifier: convert x1 to a mereological sum composed of x1.
- .i
- sentence link/continuation; continuing sentences on same topic; normally elided for new speakers.
- i'a'a
*(exp!)* - logical connective: sumti afterthought always false.
- i'au
- reset bridi-level to zero
- ia'u
*(exp!)* - attitudinal: trust - lack of trust - distrust
- iau
- reset bridi-level to zero
- ie'e
*(exp!)* - attitudinal: finding something reasonable - unreasonable
- ie'i
*(exp!)* - attitudinal: disgust - attraction
- ie'o
*(exp!)* - filler word: um, like, y'know
- ii'au
*(exp!)* - attitudinal: yee-haw!
- io'e
- attitudinal: feeling grounded - feeling spacy
- io'u
- attitudinal: good mental health - bad mental health
- iu'a
- attitudinal: sexual arousal - sexual repulsion
- iu'e
- attitudinal: sexual consent - revocation of consent
- iu'i
- attitudinal: orgasm - impotence
- iu'o
- attitudinal: kinky - vanilla
- iu'u
- attitudinal: sexual satisfaction - sexual dissatisfaction
- i'y
*(exp!)* - letteral for i.
- iy
*(exp!)* - letteral for the i semi-vowel, sometimes written as ĭ
- iy'y
*(exp!)* - letteral for y
- ja'ai
- affirm last word: attached to cmavo to affirm them; denies negation by nai whenever it is applicable.
- ja'au
- subjective number which is decreasing over time
- ja'ei
- jai equivalent of la'e
- jai'a
- grammatically converts LAhE to SE; semantically the result tags the x
_{1}of the selbri as being LAhE the supplied x_{1}. Can be converted to other than x_{1}with SE. - jai'ai
*(exp!)* - attitudinal: everything coming together - everything falling apart
- jai'e
- elliptical presence or absence of "jai".
- jai'i
- takes NU or LE NU, turns into sumtcita: clarifies the semantic NU-type of the current bridi.
- ja'oi
- permutation cycle writer notation start
- ja'u
*(exp!)* - na'e fancuka modal: no matter (indirect question)...
- jau'au
- unary mathematical operator: length/number of components/terms of/in object/array/formal string/sequence/word/text in some alphabet/base/basis which includes each digit; number of digits/components/entries
- jau'i
*(exp!)* - attitudinal modifier: extra properly, primly, "by the book" - rushing things, half-assing.
- jau'o
- Break in speech in order to demonstrate something in a nongrammatical or nonlinguistic way.
- jau'u
- lambda quantifier: binds a lambda variable.
- je'ai
*(exp!)* - NAhE question.
- je'au
*(exp!)* - discursive: correcting/corrective/correction - inattentive/uncaring/neutral toward the presence of possible errors - permitting (known/likely/plausible) error/incompleteness/approximation
- je'e'e
- mekso operator: associated Legendre polynomial in a with unassociated order b and associated order c
- jei'o
- x
_{1}is PA weeks in duration by standard x_{2}. - jei'u
*(exp!)* - evidential: I intuit... / I suspect...
- je'u'a
- logical connective: tanru-internal afterthought always true.
- ji'a'a
- logical connective: tanru-internal afterthought always false.
- ji'ai
*(exp!)* - job descriptor: the one which does …
- ji'au
- attitudinal scope modifier: marks following attitudinal/UI-cluster as applying to the last lexical unit
- ji'e'ai
- mekso unary operator: determinant, det(A)
- ji'ei
*(exp!)* - animate - inanimate
- ji'i'u
- mekso, at-most-5-ary operator: a rounding function; ordered input list is (x,n,t,m,b) and the output is sgn(x) b
^{t}round_{n}(b^{(-t)}abs(x)), with rounding preference n and where the fractional part of b^{(-t)}abs(x) being equal to 1/2 causes the round_{n (}) function to map b^{(-t)}abs(x) to the nearest integer of form 2Z+m, for base b (determined by context if not explicitly input) and some integer Z (determined by context). - ji'i'u'u
- mekso, at-most-5-ary; rounding function. (See notes).
- ji'o'e
- connective: elliptical/generic/vague
- ji'oi
*(exp!)* - This cmavo precedes a predicate (at least binary) and turns it into a conjunction, which syntactically behaves like JA cmavo. The predicate indicates the relationship between the two connected propositions. Terminator: {te'u}.
- jo'ai
- convert a selbri tag followed by a tanru unit to a tanru unit; differently from {jai}, it does not change the first place of the tanru unit.
- jo'au
*(exp!)* - change version/dialect of parser
- jo'au'o
*(exp!)* - shift letterals to Lojban alphabet
- jo'ei
*(exp!)* - nonlogical connective: disjoint union
- jo'ei'i
*(exp!)* - nonlogical connective (and mekso operator) - symmetric difference of sets
- joi'au'a
*(exp!)* - non-logical connective: to be in a (nontrivial) superposition of (states); mixture
- joi'i
- mekso string operator (n-ary): formal right-concatenation; X
_{1 + X}, where X_{i}is a string/word/text/character/letteral/lerfu/quoted utterance (quote appropriately iff necessary; preserve and be careful about the use-vs.-mention distinction) for all i. - jo'oi
*(exp!)* - non-logical connective: the more ..., the more...
- ju'ai
- Default number radix modifier: changes the value of the default radix assumed for any numeral lacking an explicit radix within the following text, until another {ju'ai} appears.
- ju'au
- semi-mathematical binary operator: named number base operator/interpreter
- ju'ei
- Tight scope bridi separator; analogous to {.i} without ending the abstractor or relative clause.
- ju'oi
*(exp!)* - evidential: I know that...
- ju'u'i
- long-digit interpretation specifier; macrodigit named base specifier
- ka'ai
*(exp!)* - kansa modal, 1 place; with .../with a companion ...
- ka'au
- mekso unary operator: cardinality (#, | |)
- ka'ei
- abstractor: predicate abstractor. x
_{1}is the predicate expressed by [bridi], using bo'a, bo'e, etc for variables. - ka'ei'a
- digit/number: Conway's look-and-say constant λ ≈ 1.303577269…
- kai'a
*(exp!)* - evidential: by definition... / essentialistically...
- kai'ai
*(exp!)* - karbi modal: with comparing agent - (SE) compared to - (TE) compared to - (VE) compared according/with respect to - (XE) with comparison...
- kai'au
*(exp!)* - Adverbial, metacommentary-introducing, and complex discursive or attitudinal: I express this utterance in a manner or with mental state which is described by the immediately following and enclosed bridi in reference to the tagged construct, or assert that the said immediately following and enclosed bridi is true in application to the tagged construct in a metacommentary style.
- kai'e
*(exp!)* - evidential: I expect - I deny expecting
- kai'ei
- abstractor: x
_{1}(x_{2}, ...) are such that they satisfy [bridi], using bo'a/bo'e/etc for variables - kai'i
*(exp!)* - Property relativizing determiner / unary quantifier constructor. {kai'i} introduces a predicate whose first argument slot becomes filled by the property made by taking the bridi in which this {kai'i} appears and putting {ce'u} into the argument slot in which this {kai'i} argument was located. Put formally, "kai'i brodi cu brodu" = "lo ka ce'u brodu cu brodi". Additionally, a {kai'i} term has a rightward logical scope, like quantifiers and adverbials.
- kai'o
- quaternion i
- kai'u
- abstractor: x
_{1}(x_{2}, ...) are such that they satisfy [bridi], binding to the open {ce'u} slots. - ka'o'ai
- imaginary i (non-comma)
- ka'o'ei
- imaginary i, comma - spherical coordinates: first coordinate gives magnitude (complex modulus/radius) of the number, the second number gives the angle from the positive real axis measured counterclockwise toward the 'positive' imaginary axis (default: in the primary branch/Arg) as measured in some units (which that number should contain; the contextless default will suppose radians); the angle is not normalized.
- ka'oi
- x
_{1}(ka) is obtained from x_{2}(ka) by uncurrying the first N places - ka'oi'i
- convert bridi into n-ary property claim: x
_{n}is such that it fills the n-th occurrence of ce'u in [bridi]. - kau'a
- pro-sumti: strong-memory something1/eidetic da/elephant thing1 (logically quantified existential, arbitrarily-long-scope pro-sumti)
- kau'ai
- Microdigit-spanning endianness binary-toggle.
- kau'au
- Macrodigit-spanning endianness binary-toggle.
- kau'e
- pro-sumti: strong-memory something2/eidetic de/elephant thing2 (logically quantified existential, arbitrarily-long-scope pro-sumti)
- kau'i
- pro-sumti: strong-memory something3/eidetic di/elephant thing3 (logically quantified existential, arbitrarily-long-scope pro-sumti)
- kau'o
- generic algebra unit e
_{n} - kau'u
- Predicate to variable-binding binary quantifier. The first slot of the predicate must be a property.
- ke'ai
- Toggles to no grouping
- ke'au
- relative clause prenex: assigns a variable to the object of the relative clause
- ke'e'ai
- Attaches all of the following words to the next explicitly mentioned sumti as seltau of that sumti or selbri which is explicitly marked with "cu" (under left-grouping by default).
- ke'e'au
- terminates a JUhAU expression
- ke'ei
- Toggles to right grouping of tanru/lujvo.
- ke'ei'a
- Toggles to left grouping of tanru.
- ke'e'u
- Locks tanru modification order reversal (does not affect lujvo). {ke'e'unai} restores regular order
- kei'ai
- mekso style converter: elementwise application of operator
- kei'au
- mekso operator: finite result set derived from/on set A with/due to operator/function B under ordering of application C
- kei'ei
*(exp!)* - digit/number: hex digit E (decimal 14) [fourteen].
- kei'i
- non-logical connective/mekso operator - of arity only 1 xor 2: set (absolute) complement, or set exclusion (relative complement). Unary: X
_{2 ^C}; binary: X_{1\setminusX}. - kei'o
- quaternion j
- ke'o'a
*(exp!)* - vocative: please repeat in simpler words.
- ke'oi
*(exp!)* - reverses modification order of contained tanru (does not affect lujvo).
- ke'o'o
*(exp!)* - vocative: please repeat more slowly / more clearly enunciated.
- ke'o'u
*(exp!)* - vocative: please repeat in a language I understand better.
- ke'u'i
- accepts number (n) after: repeat last sumti up to n times
- ki'a'au'u'au'i
*(exp!)* - attitudinal question: metalinguistic confusion caused by too many experimental cmavo
- ki'ai
*(exp!)* - Converts following selbri, cmevla, or zoi-quote into a nonce interjection/attitudinal.
- ki'au
*(exp!)* - evidential: I reason - I think impulsively.
- ki'oi
*(exp!)* - se kibzva modal, 1st place: at website/Internet resource...
- ko'ai
*(exp!)* - Creates a predicate abstraction sumti out of a full bridi clause, binding all the necessary lambda variables to the ko'a-ko'u pronoun series.
- ko'au
*(exp!)* - kosmu modal, 1st place with purpose...
- ko'ei
*(exp!)* - converts the place structure of the following tanru-unit-2 into MINDE semantic frame
- koi'e
- UI-cmavo parenthesis/separator: start grouping
- koi'i
*(exp!)* - create a binary relation abstraction sumti out of a full bridi clause, binding the two lambda variables to the {ko'i} and {ko'u} pronouns.
- koi'o
- quaternion k
- ko'o'au
- Pro-sumti: references a following mentioned sumti, but which one is not specified.
- ko'o'e
- Pro-sumti: references a previously mentioned sumti, but which one is not specified.
- ko'oi
*(exp!)* - discursive: imperative/hortative
- ko'o'o'o'o
*(exp!)* - meaningless chicken clucking
- ku'ai
*(exp!)* - ku'i modal: in contrast to...
- ku'ai'i
*(exp!)* - empty/vacuous selbri
- ku'au
- elidable terminator: end of LOhOI construct
- ku'au'a
- mekso (n+1)-ary operator: q-analog converter - the ath analog of b (quoted operator) applied to operands c, d, ...
- ku'au'i
*(exp!)* - categorizer/hashtag
- ku'ei
- Terminator for a CAhEI phrase.
- ku'i'a
- PA: blank/empty digit
- ku'o'e'a
*(exp!)* - quod erat demonstrandum, Q.E.D.
- ku'oi
- Complex UI construct terminator (elidable).
- ku'oi'u
- closing bracket/terminator for mekso expression interpretation modifiers
- ky'oi
*(exp!)* - Number suffix initiating a subordinate clause representing a predicate whose arity is the suffixed number; the lambda variables representing the predicate slots are bound from the ko'a-ko'u series in their dictionary ordering; the number of bound variables is the same as the predicate arity.
- ky'u
*(exp!)* - newsworthiness focus marker: indicates the most newsworthy part of the clause.
- la'ai
*(exp!)* - otherwise lojbanic name, ending in a vowel; multiple names delimited by pauses.
- la'au
- start grammatical name quotation; the quoted text is an identifier and must be grammatical on its own.
- la'e'au
- the specific referent of [following sumti] defined/specified by the grammar
- la'ei
*(exp!)* - combines LA with DOI
- lai'a
- text scope alphabet specifier. Sets the alphabet used for spelling until changed.
- lai'ai
*(exp!)* - digit/number: hex digit F (decimal 15) [fifteen].
- lai'e
- Named reference. It converts a sumti into another sumti. The converted sumti points to the referent the name of which is the referent of the unconverted sumti.
- lai'i
*(exp!)* - evidential: I experience - I deny experiencing
- lai'u
*(exp!)* - descriptive descriptor: the one described with description …
- la'oi
*(exp!)* - single-word non-Lojban name; quotes a single non-Lojban word delimited by pauses and treats it as a name
- lau'au
- mekso unary operator: for input X, this outputs X/(1+X).
- lau'e
*(exp!)* - pronoun: the referent of the following utterance
- lau'u
*(exp!)* - pronoun: the referent of the preceding utterance
- le'ai
- replace recent mistakenly uttered text
- le'au
- Start property which sets the meaning of {le} in the surrounding text.
- le'ei
*(exp!)* - article: "the thing(s) I have in mind and which I believe appear(s) to you to be…"
- lei'e
*(exp!)* - anaphoric mass gadri: start a description of a mass/group/constituency mentioned earlier in the text/conversation, viewed as a whole
- lei'i
*(exp!)* - demonstrative mass gadri; start a definite description that refers to a mass/group/constituency in the shared frame-of-reference, viewed as a whole
- lei'o
- x
_{1}is PA months in duration by standard x_{2}. - li'ai
*(exp!)* - unevaluated mekso as name.
- li'au
- terminator of selma'o LUhEI
- li'ei
- arbitrary character string or irregular number
- li'ei'au
- ternary mekso operator: retrieves/gets/outputs the X
_{2}th entry/term from ordered list X_{1}under indexing rules X_{3}. - li'i'e
*(exp!)* - lisri modal, 1st place: in/belonging to/of/from story...
- li'oi
*(exp!)* - marks word/construct as being optional, i.e. the bridi would still be both grammatical AND reflect the speakers opinion/intention would the marked construct be left out
- lo'ai
- start quote of recent mistakenly uttered text to be replaced
- lo'au
*(exp!)* - presuppositional definite article: the …; the thing(s) which …
- loi'a
*(exp!)* - generic essentialistic article: «loi'a broda cu brode» = a broda typically is/does brode; being/doing brode is a typical trait of broda-hood.
- loi'e
*(exp!)* - generalized mass gadri; start a description of a generalization of some mass/group/constituency viewed as a whole
- loi'i
*(exp!)* - essentialist mass gadri; start a description of an essential characterization of some mass/group/constituency viewed as a whole
- lo'oi
*(exp!)* - Description clause: create a sumti from the enclosed bridi, describing the referent of the created sumti as filling the bridi place filled with {ke'a}.
- lo'o'o
*(exp!)* - plural logic maximum-scope descriptor: those who individually or collectively are ...
- lu'au
- Bridi to text conversion
- lu'ei
- convert a grammatical quotation to a tanru unit; x
_{1}expresses/says the quoted text for audience x_{2}via expressive medium x_{3}. - lu'oi
*(exp!)* - selbri conversion: abstracts out a member of x
_{1}(set/group), moves old x_{1}to the fai place - ly'ei
*(exp!)* - exophoric article: the … I have in mind (identity not necessarily ascertainable from the context).
- ma'au
- Binary mekso operator: uniform probability A(X
_{2)u(X}for input (X_{1,X}where X_{1}is a number and X_{2}is a set or space. (See notes for details). - ma'a'u'oi
*(exp!)* - interval endpoint status question marker
- mai'a
- Maybe, but not the desired answer
- mai'e
- "True, but not the answer that I expected/desired"
- mai'e'e
- digit/number: Meissel-Mertens constant M ≈ 0.2614972128476427837554268386086958590516…
- mai'i
- pro-sumti: the universal argument/value; syntactically-contextually and type-permitted maximally generic in its typing
- mai'o
*(exp!)* - turns number into pro-sumti: the abstraction described by the utterance denoted by that number and {mai}
- mai'u
- unary mekso operator: signum function
- ma'o'e
- mathematical operator: vague/elliptical/general/generic operator
- ma'oi
*(exp!)* - selma'o quote; quotes a word (a cmavo) and uses it to name a selma'o.
- ma'oi'e
*(exp!)* - Like "ma'oi" but outputs the officially-designated/canonical sub-selma'o (if any) to which the immediately following and quoted word (cmavo) belongs, otherwise outputting the whole relevant selma'o in fashion equivalent to "ma'oi".
- mau'a
*(exp!)* - shortening of {lo du'u ma kau *bridi*}, with {ce'u} bound to {ma kau}
- mau'au
- mekso: conversion of operator/function to operand
- mau'e
- UI conversion start quote; converts grammatical Lojban text to cmavo of selma'o UI
- mau'i
*(exp!)* - attitudinal: stronger intensity attitudinal relativizer
- mau'o
- UI conversion end quote (elidable terminator); converts grammatical Lojban text to cmavo of selma'o UI
- mau'u
*(exp!)* - savoring/focusing and attempting to retain feelings of strong satisfaction - trying to escape intense dissatisfaction
- me'ai
*(exp!)* - attitudinal: weaker intensity attitudinal relativizer
- me'au
- Convert abstract predicate sumti back to predicate
- me'ei
*(exp!)* - Article for abstract predicate sumti. Turns a selbri into an abstraction with all open places filled by {ce'u}.
- me'ei'o
- mekso n-ary operator: interleave sequences
- mei'a
- digit/number: arbitrarily small/lesser/diminished/few (finite and nonzero but otherwise as small as desired).
- mei'e
- Accepts any number of sumti and turns them into a selbri-unit that means "x
_{1}is among the referents of these sumti". - mei'i
- convert number to cardinality selbri: x
_{1}is/are [number] in number; there is/are [number] things among x_{1}. - mei'o
- Elidable terminator for selma'o MEIhE (which turns any number of sumti into a selbri-unit)
- mei'u
- converts sumti into selbri: x
_{1}is [that sumti]'s, among x_{2}, by relationship x_{3}(binary ka). - me'oi
- non-Lojban brivla
- mi'ai
- we; several people including one of the speakers; I (the speaker) and at least one another person (even if that person is one of the speakers too)
- mi'au
*(exp!)* - attitudinal: meow, miaow
- mi'i'au
- digit/number: interval/range indicator for significant digits (determined by midpoint).
- mi'oi
- inclusive we; includes the speaker (I) and the listener (you), but may or may not include others
- moi'a
- shortening of {lo du'u *sumti* mo kau}
- moi'e
- x
_{1}is PA minutes in duration by standard x_{2}. - moi'i
*(exp!)* - evidential: I remember - I don't remember (fact ; that/whether something is true)
- moi'o
- x
_{1}is the PA-th date/time of unit x_{2}(si'o) counting from x_{3}(default: now) by calendar x_{4} - moi'oi
*(exp!)* - interrogative mass gadri: "which group of..."; viewed and counted as a group
- moi'u
- x
_{1}is (n)th member of alphabet/set x_{2}ordered by rule x_{3}, where the count begins at x_{4}. - mo'oi
*(exp!)* - interrogative gadri: "which"
- mu'ai
*(exp!)* - munje modal: 1st place; in universe...
- mu'ai'au
- mathematical/logical/mekso ternary operator: μ (mu) operator: outputs the most extreme extended-natural number that satisfies relationship/predicate A, where extremeness is bounded by B and of a version determined by C; error output is -1
- mu'au
- unary mekso operator: measure of the complement; 1 - x
_{1}. - mu'au'oi
*(exp!)* - Discursive: resuming/continuing example - start new example
- mu'e'ei
*(exp!)* - Specifies the universe of consideration/all possible referents (for the present discourse); specifies the universal set/class/structure.
- mu'ei
*(exp!)* - Converts PA into tense; in [number (usually nonspecific)] possible worlds/alternate histories where [sumti (du'u)] is true
- mu'i'ai
- digit/number: Hafner-Sarnak-McCurley coprime determinants limiting probability constant; h ≈ 0.3532363719…
- mu'i'u
- base-dependent digit: representing exactly one half of one more than the maximum possible single-digit number expressible in the relevant number base
- mu'oi
- delimited non-Lojban selbri-unit
- mu'o'u
- Marks an endpoint of a quote/string/expression and specifies that (relative to the original) the quote/string/expression so marked is complete, accurate, and well-portrayed by the quote/string/expression on the relevant side of the excerpt, including wrt all relevant information and when factoring in the content and context of the quotation-external discourse in which said quote/string/expression appears.
- na'ai
- Same function as {na} but with the additional meaning that the sumti in the bridi have no prior experience together.
- na'a'u
- not a number
- na'au
*(exp!)* - converts an unevaluated mekso expression into a sumti referencing its evaluated result (if sensible/defined)
- na'ei
*(exp!)* - Contradictory negation of a predicate
- nai'i
*(exp!)* - nafselte'i modal: except...
- na'oi
- Indicator for moderate or normal attitudinal intensity
- nau'a
- non-restrictive relative clause; attaches subordinate bridi with incidental information, doesn't contain an implicit reference to its head via {ke'a}.
- nau'o
- pro-sumti whose referent's identity is unknown to the speaker
- nau'u
- what is now; refers to current space/time/situation reference absolutely
- ne'au
*(exp!)* - attitudinal: devoidness of emotion (neutral by absence of emotion) - overwhelmed by/replete with/overflowing with (seemingly all) emotion
- nei'ai
- double-negative toggle: every odd-counted explicit usage makes negation additive; unmentioned or every even-counted explicit usage makes negation multiplicative.
- nei'au
- unary mekso operator: (-1)
^{x} - nei'i
*(exp!)* - strict essentialistic article: «nei'i broda cu brode» = being a broda necessarily entails being/doing brode.
- nei'o
- x
_{1}is PA years in duration by standard x_{2}. - ne'o'a
- mekso ternary operator: the generalized incomplete (factorial-extending) Pi function; for input (X
_{1, X}this word outputs the definite integral of t^X_{1 e^-t}with respect to t from X_{2}to X_{3}(see notes for default values). - ne'o'au
- mekso quaternary operator: polygamma function; for input X
_{1, X}, outputs the (-X_{2)}th derivative of Log(ne'o'a(X_{1, X})) with respect to X_{1}. - ne'oi
- unary operator: primorial a#
- ne'o'o
- mekso quaternary operator – Pochhammer symbol: with/for input (X
_{1, X}, this word/function outputs \prod_{k }= 0^X_{2 - 1 (X}; by default, X_{4 }= 1 unless explicitly defined otherwise. - ni'a'au
- mekso n-ary operator: append covariant (lower) indices to tensor
- ni'ai
- x
_{1}is a number/value such that the abstraction is true, under mathematical system x_{2}; x_{1}binds to ke'a within the abstraction - ni'au
- attitudinal: 'how do you do?'
- ni'e'ei
- digit/number: Niven's greatest-exponent prime factorization constant
lim
_{(n->∞) (avg} - ni'e'oi
- digit/number: Niven's smallest-exponent prime factorization constant c = zeta(3/2)/zeta(3) ≈ 2.1732543125195541382370898404…
- ni'oi
*(exp!)* - This cmavo precedes a predicate (at least binary) and turns it into an incidental conjunction, which syntactically behaves like JA cmavo. The predicate indicates the relationship between the two connected propositions. Terminator: {te'u}.
- ni'u'u
*(exp!)* - scalar negator: not at all, no way
- no'ai
- digit/number: absolute zero; nothing; there does not exist; ∄
- no'au
- Introduces a bridi relative clause, with the scope of {xoi} and the semantics of {noi}
- no'au'au
- mathematical/mekso binary operator: the zero/identity-element/(primitive (-))constant operator; outputs the identity-element of structure A (contextless default: the additive group of integers) regardless of the input value of B (except blank or ill-defined values)
- no'e'u
- digit/number: liminal zero; neither positive nor negative
- noi'a
*(exp!)* - incidental/non-restrictive adverbial: converts selbri to bridi adverbial term. The first place of the converted selbri is claimed to be such that the outer bridi satisfies it, and the outer bridi is claimed. {broda noi'a brode} means {lo nu broda ku goi ko'a cu fasnu .i ko'a brode}.
- noi'a'u
*(exp!)* - PA nonrestrictive/incidental relative clause; attaches to a PA number/numeral/digit with the ke'a referring to that PA number/numeral/digit.
- noi'au
- number/interpreted mathematical object non-restrictive clause
- noi'e
*(exp!)* - scalar normative: normal in intensity
- noi'i
- connective modifer/limiter
- noi'o
- pro-sumti: this paragraph
- noi'u
*(exp!)* - attitudinal modifier: attribution to the attached sumti
- no'oi
- Selbri incidental relative clause; attaches to a selbri with the ke'a being 'me'ei the attached selbri'
- nu'ai
*(exp!)* - preposition: event instantiating the current proposition.
- ny'ei
- digit/number: twenty (decimal 20).
- o'ai
*(exp!)* - vocative: slightly surprised greetings
- oi'a
*(exp!)* - Attitudinal: offended/insulted - unoffended - deserving and accepting
- oi'i
- sentence link/continuation; continuing sentences on same topic with the observative sumti filled with {la'e} {di'u}
- oi'o
*(exp!)* - attitudinal: fuck/shit - fuck yeah/hell yeah
- oi'u
*(exp!)* - attitudinal: pain/suffering - comfort
- o'y
*(exp!)* - letteral for o.
- pa'au'o
- digit/number: universal parabolic constant P = √(2) + Log
_{e(1 + √(2)) ≈ 2.295587} - pai'e
*(exp!)* - scalar question: how very...?
- pai'i
- Digit/number: pi (denoted "π"; approximately 3.1416...); the constant defined by the ratio of the circumference to the diameter of all circles in Euclidean space.
- pau'ai
*(exp!)* - rhetorical construct marker - genuine/serious/literal assertion/question/command marker
- pau'a'u
- mekso operator: part of number/projection (one sense); the X2 part of X1
- pau'au
- ternary mekso operator: p-adic valuation; outputs (positive) infinity if x
_{1 }= 0 and, else, outputs sup(Set(k: k is a nonnegative integer, and ((1 - x_{3)x}divides x_{1))}, where p_{n}is the nth prime (such that p_{1 }= 2). - pau'ei
- mekso operator: power set - produces the set of all subsets of set X
_{1}that are of (any) size (that is) X_{2}[a nonnegative integer or transfinite/infinite number; default: su'o no]. - pau'i
*(exp!)* - discursive: marks the previous construction as a question, with valid responses being any construction which could replace it without changing the grammar of the overall utterance.
- pau'oi
- unary mathematical operator: predecessor/diminish/decrement (by one), \operatornamepred(a) = a-- = a-1
- pau'u
*(exp!)* - modal: "one ... at a time"
- pe'ai
*(exp!)* - discursive: layperson/laïc meaning; marks a construct as layperson/common/non-technical/non-jargon speech/text
- pe'ei
- mark a logical connective as having maximal scope.
- pei'a
- scalar / attitudinal question: how very...?
- pei'e
*(exp!)* - evidential question: how do you know that?
- pei'e'a
- at-most-3-ary mekso operator: "integer exponent" for X
_{1}divided by X_{2}in algebraic structure X_{3} - pei'i'a
- digit/number: Apéry's constant ζ(3) = 1.202056903159594285399738161511449990764986292…
- pei'o
*(exp!)* - attitudinal category question: what is the category (UI4) of attitudinal?
- pei'u
*(exp!)* - discursive: want a response - venting
- pi'ai
*(exp!)* - Prefix multiplication of unit selbri
- pi'au
- digit/number: pi (approximately 3.1416...); the constant defined by the ratio of the circumference to the diameter of all circles.
- pi'au'e
- mekso ternary operator: extract digit from number; X
_{2}nd macrodigit/term of number/tuple X_{1}when X_{1}is expressed in base/basis X_{3}. - pi'ei
- mathematical/mekso binary operator: vector or function inner product over a field; the inner product of A and B over field C
- pi'ei'au
- mathematical ternary operator: not-greater-prime-counting function
- pi'ei'oi
- mathematical ternary operator: prime-generating function.
- pi'u'e
- mekso n-ary operator: generate ordered tuple/list from inputs; pi'u'e(x
_{1, x}= (x_{1, x}, pi'u'e(x_{1, x}= (x_{1, x}, etc. - po'a
*(exp!)* - ponse modal, 1st place: with possessor/owner...
- poi'a
*(exp!)* - restrictive adverbial: converts selbri to bridi adverbial term. The first place of the converted selbri is claimed to occur in conjunction with the outer bridi. {broda poi'a brode} means {lo nu broda cu fasnu gi'e brode}.
- poi'a'u
*(exp!)* - PA restrictive relative clause; attaches to a PA number/numeral/digit with the ke'a referring to that PA number/numeral/digit.
- poi'au
- number/interpreted mathematical object restrictive clause
- poi'e
- x
_{1}, x_{2}, x_{3}... are such that {poi'e} abstraction is true; each {ke'a} binds another argument of the resulting predicate - po'i'ei
- n-ary mekso operator: for an input of ordered list of ordered pairs ((X
_{1, Y}, it outputs formal generalized rational function (x - X_{1)^Y}in the adjoined indeterminate (here: x). - poi'i
- x
_{1}is such that {poi'i} abstraction is true; x_{1}binds {ke'a} within the abstraction. - poi'o'a
*(exp!)* - restrictive first place adverbial: converts selbri to bridi adverbial term. The outer bridi is claimed to occur together with the event of the first place of that bridi satisfying the converted selbri. {broda poi'o'a brode} means {broda fau lo nu vo'a brode}.
- po'i'oi
- mekso at-most-3-ary operator: convert to polynomial; X
_{1}(ordered list of algebraic structure (probably field) elements) forms the (ordered list of) coefficients of a polynomial/Laurent-like series with respect to indeterminate X_{2}under ordering rule X_{3}(default for finite list: the first entry is the coefficient of the highest-degree term and each subsequent entry is the next lesser-degree coefficient via counting by ones and wherein the last entry is the constant term) - po'oi
- selbri restrictive relative clause; attaches to a selbri with the ke'a being "me'ei the attached-selbri"
- pu'au
- tense: refers to past of current space/time reference absolutely
- pu'e'ei
- mekso binary operator: generate span; outputs span(X
_{1, X}= span_{X}; set of all (finite) sums of terms of form c v, where v is an element of algebraic structure X_{1}(wherein scalar multiplication and summation is defined), and c is a scalar belonging to ring X_{2}. - pu'e'u'o
- digit/number: the Prouhet-Thue-Morse constant τ = 0.412454033640… (in decimal)
- py'ai
- digit/number: twenty (decimal 21).
- ra'ai
*(exp!)* - quotes a single non-meaning name in lojban (Must be lojban text and sounds) delimited by pauses
- ra'au
- pro-sumti: others, not me/we/the speaker(s)/the author(s)/you the listener(s).
- ra'ei
*(exp!)* - semi-discursive: and so forth, and so on, et cetera, continuing similarly
- rai'a
*(exp!)* - selbri modifier: restrict the referents of the x1 slot to those belonging to the current domain of discourse, those being relevant to the present context.
- ra'i'au
*(exp!)* - attitudinal modifier: want this to last - (cu'i) accept this - (nai) want this to end soon
- ra'i'e
- ternary mekso/mathematical operator: radical; for input (x,y,z), it outputs the largest y-th-power-free product of prime divisors of x in structure (ring) z.
- rai'i
- mekso (2 or 3)-ary operator: maximum/minimum/extreme element; ordered list of extreme elements of the set underlying ordered set/structure X
_{1}in direction X_{2}of list length X_{3}(default: 1) - rai'o
- Quote conversion: the quotation as presented uses pro-sumti and pro-bridi as if the current utterer (not the original utterer) were saying it, but the meaning conveyed is identical to that of the actual quotation by the original utterer and there is a claim that this meaning was expressed elsewhere
- ra'oi
*(exp!)* - single-word rafsi quote; quotes a single word delimited by pauses (in speech) or whitespace (in writing) and treats it as a rafsi
- rau'o
*(exp!)* - flag a quote/sedu'u statement in order to indicate that the text is substantially the same in all relevant important aspects (usually including content), translated with this meaning, "to this/that same effect" - - (nai:) untranslated, original and exact wording
- rau'oi
- quote marker: indicates that the quotation being marked has experienced exactly no change in meaning/has the original meaning and is the same in all important qualities - approximately the same meaning/having generally the same idea or effect or message - substantially changes in meaning or some important quality
- re'ai'e
- free conversion
- re'au'e
*(exp!)* - the trivial selbri conversion - identity permutation of terbri
- rei'e
*(exp!)* - scalar abator: slightly... / not very...
- ri'ai
*(exp!)* - evidential: I have basic/axiomatic belief
- ri'au
*(exp!)* - pro-sumti: the next/immediately following sumti (as determined by back-counting rules applied forward)
- ri'oi
*(exp!)* - the latest aforementioned...; refers back to the most recently mentioned thing(s) that satisfies the x1 of the following predicate
- ro'au'o
*(exp!)* - shift to Latin alphabet (strictly)
- roi'i
*(exp!)* - emotion category/modifier: creative, artistic (emotion felt in proverbial/mythical "right brain") - analytic, methodical (emotion felt in proverbial/mythical "left brain")
- ro'oi
- universal plural quantifier. “All.”
- ru'ei
- n-ary operator: n-ary magma/group/ring operator a*b = ab`
- ru'oi
- quantifier: "all" (as opposed to "every")
- sa'ai
- start quote of replacement for recent mistakenly uttered text
- sa'au
- erase current sentence.
- sa'ei
*(exp!)* - Converts following cmevla or zoi-quote into onomatopoeia. (bam! crash! kapow! etc.)
- sai'e
*(exp!)* - scalar intensifier: very...
- sai'ei
- turns PA into CAI; intensity attitude modifier expressed by a mekso.
- sai'i
- digit/number: exactly enough and no more.
- sa'oi
- unconditional start of text; outside regular grammar; used for computer input.
- sau'a
- interval event contour: succeeding at ...
- sau'au
- mekso binary operator: del, nabla, quabla, partial-derivative vector/tensor operator; outputs the functional-valued formal-covector (or analog thereof) of partial derivatives with respect to X
_{1}(tensor in the same format and order), each degree X_{2}(default: 1). - sau'e
- quotes a nonce Lojban word (an onomatopoeia), turns it into selbri unit meaning "x
_{1}makes a sound like (quoted word)". - sau'ei
*(exp!)* - vocative: celebratory cheer/hooray
- sau'e'u
*(exp!)* - topicalizer (sumtcita/discursive; somewhat meta): the following discourse is about/relates to/has topic/concerns
- sau'i
- mekso n-ary operator: reciprocal of the sum of the reciprocal of each of X
_{1}, X_{2}, ..., X_{n}(for any natural number n); 1/((1/X_{1) + (1/X}. - sau'o
- pro-sumti whose referent's identity the speaker is assuming the listener to know
- sau'u
- erase the current clause.
- se'ai'e
*(exp!)* - (n, 1, 2, \dots, n-2, n - 1)st conversion.
- se'au
- mathematical quinary operator; big operator: left sequence notation/converter - operator a, sequence b defined as a function on index/argument/variable/parameter c, in set d, under ordering e
- se'au'e
*(exp!)* - (2, 3, \dots, n-1, n, 1)st conversion.
- se'e'i
*(exp!)* - placed before a selbri, merges x1 and x2 places.
- sei'a
- converts singular quantifier into plural quantifier
- sei'ai
*(exp!)* - vocative: sweet dreams.
- se'i'a'o
- unary mathematical operator: identity function id(a) = a
- sei'au
- terbri editor: passes the terbri value through the quoted function so that the sumti that fills it really is filling the output of the function
- sei'e
- evidential builder: I know by means ...
- se'i'i
- digit/number: Sierpiński constant K = π(2 Log
_{e(2) + 3Log} - sei'i
*(exp!)* - evidential: stereotypically...
- sei'o
- selbri terminator
- sei'u
*(exp!)* - vocative: "you're welcome / happy to help / no problem" - "just this once / you owe me"
- sei'u'e
- digit/number: ideal first Skewe's constant Sk
_{1}; the first (minimal positive) infimum for which all greater x in some neighborhood have the property that it is false that the prime counting function at x is less than the logarithmic integral function at x - se'o'e
*(exp!)* - elliptical/generic/unspecific/vague selbri conversion
- se'oi
*(exp!)* - evidential: I know by gnosis
- se'oi'oi
- Conversion: Switch n and x
_{1}in MOI (or MOI*) cmavo so that the submitted value (previous x_{1}) outputs the number(s) (previous n) associated with it. - se'u'o
*(exp!)* - selbri conversion question
- si'ai
*(exp!)* - marks a construct as being a reference/allusion - explicit marker of divorce/isolation of a construct from any external allusions that may come to mind
- si'au
*(exp!)* - evidential: it seems that...
- si'au'i
- erases a word; pretend the next word ≈ the erased word
- si'ei
- numeric suffix: indicates that the number refers to portionality instead of cardinality
- si'i'ai
- digit/number: a finite/bounded number, finitely many.
- si'i'ei
- story time toggle.
- si'i'oi
- Marks discontinuity in story time.
- si'oi
- erases a SI, SA or SU cmavo; is to "redo" as SI/SA/SU is to "undo".
- si'oi'e
- n-ary mekso operator: Logistical growth/cumulative function, sigmoid function; (X
_{3 / (1 + e^(-X}. - so'au
- subjective number which is constant over time
- so'e'ai
- Delimit a replacement for the previous expression using arbitrary delimitors.
- so'ei
*(exp!)* - discursive: "to be honest", being frank, candid, speaking one's mind - deliberately "not getting into it", saying less than is on one's mind
- soi'a
*(exp!)* - subordinating adverbial: converts selbri to bridi adverbial term. The bridi is claimed to satisfy the first place of the converted selbri, but is not itself claimed to occur. {broda soi'a brode} means {lo nu broda cu brode}
- soi'ai
- almost all/almost every/almost everywhere (technical sense): there is a non-universal conull subset (the complementary (sub)set of which is non-empty but of measure 0, where complement is taken with respect/relative to the universal set) of such things that are satisfactory.
- soi'au
- almost none/almost no/almost nowhere (technical sense): the subset of satisfactory such things is null but non-empty.
- soi'e
- x
_{1}is PA seconds in duration by standard x_{2}. - soi'i
- head-final content clause relativizer: it turns the current clause into a subordinate content clause, binds it to the {ke'a} pronoun, and restart the current clause afresh (as if its previous content was erased or moved into a hidden prenex).
- so'oi
- Initiator of subordinating adverbial relative clause with leftwards logical scope. The adverbial clause binds the resumptive pronoun {ke'a} to the outer clause, which becomes irrealis (i.e. not necessarily claimed to be true). Terminator: {se'u}.
- so'o'o'oi
*(exp!)* - conversion: adds 1 to index of each place starting from place x
_{1}; the new resulting x_{1}is undefined - su'a'a
*(exp!)* - discursive: responding quickly - responding after a long time/necroposting.
- su'ai
- digit/number: precise to within the stated sigfigs (significant figures/digits); approximately, measured to be approximately, with some error/rounding
- su'au
- digit/number: exact, exactly equal to, no more and no less, mathematically ideally (no measuring or rounding error)
- su'ei
*(exp!)* - shows that the first two places have a reciprocal relation
- su'i'e
- mekso unary operator: digital addition.
- su'i'o
- mekso unary or binary operator: ordered inputs (n, b) where n and b are nonnegative integers and b > 1; output is the ultimate digital root of n in base-b.
- su'oi
- existential plural quantifier. “There is/are.”
- su'o'o
- digit/number: strictly greater (more) than 0 but strictly less than all (jbo.: "ro").
- su'u'u'u'u'u'u'u
- erasure word: delete everything that was ever said in Lojban.
- sy'a
*(exp!)* - Override implicit zo'e-filling of empty argument slots in the current clause, or of the marked tanru-element if this particle is put right after a tanru-element, switching the default filling to existential quantification of lowest logical scope.
- sy'au
- digit/number: nineteen (decimal 19).
- sy'y
- pro-sumti: something or some things (shorthand for "su'oi dzai'i" with lowest local scope).
- ta'ai
- pro-bridi: Quotes a single Lojban word, and turns it into the bridi, "x
_{1}is the same word-shape as the quoted word" - ta'ei
*(exp!)* - discursive: reconsideration of statement - continuing (on) in that line of thought/discussion
- tai'a
*(exp!)* - discursive: pay a lot of attention to what I just said - ignore what I just said.
- tai'e'i
- mekso unary operator: basic Schlafli symbol composer (defined only on ordered lists)
- tai'i
*(exp!)* - Converts following cmevla or zoi-quote into phenomime.
- tai'i'au
- 8-ary mekso operator: the X
_{1}th nonnegative sum of X_{2}mutually-distinct perfect X_{3}th-powers (i.e.: of integers) in X_{4}mutually truly-distinct ways, requiring exactly X_{5}terms to be negative in each sum (counting with(out^X_{6}) multiplicity), requiring exactly X_{7}terms to be repeated between sums (counting with(out^X_{8}) multiplicity), according to the usual ordering of the integers. - tai'i'e
- mekso unary operator: Kleene star - X1*
- tai'u
- (something which approximately has) the abstract shape of the symbol for the previous construct
- ta'oi
- explicit indicator that the speaker is completing/continuing a previously uttered bridi in the discourse
- tau'e
- the abstraction described by text; turns text sumti into abstraction sumti
- ta'u'i
*(exp!)* - Copy and paste the overall seltau of immediately preceding sumti at this location.
- tau'o
- Following lujvo takes the form of a tanru (place structure of the lujvo is the same as the last rafsi/gismu)
- ta'u'u
*(exp!)* - Copy and paste the overall tertau of immediately preceding sumti at this location.
- tau'u
- digit/number: tau (denoted "τ": approximately 6.2831...). The constant defined by the ratio of the circumference to the radius of all circles (default: in Euclidean geometry).
- te'a'a
*(exp!)* - tekla modal: with key/button... (computer game context)
- te'ai
- Exponentiation of unit selbri
- te'au
- iterated Cartesian product with self: A × A × ... × A, n times.
- te'au'u
- mekso ternary operator: Knuth up-arrow notation: a \uparrow \dots \uparrow b of order/with c-2 arrows ("\uparrow") initially, evaluated from right to left; the cth hyperoperator on a by b.
- te'e'a
*(exp!)* - 2-Merge Conversion: placed immediately before a selbri, merges x
_{2}and x_{3}places. - te'e'i
*(exp!)* - placed before a selbri, merges x1 and x3 places (with the new x1 being equivalent to the result of this merging).
- te'ei
*(exp!)* - Vocative: request/command that recipient acknowledge having received (and understood) the message (iff they did (and do)) - no need to respond
- te'i
*(exp!)* - at a point on time axis
- te'i'ai
- 6-ary mekso/mathematical operator: Heaviside function/step/Theta function of a, of order b, in structure c, using distribution d, within approximated limit e, with value f_b at 0
- tei'au
- 4-ary mekso operator: Taylor expansion/polynomial term; for ordered input (X
_{1, X}, output is the X_{3}th Taylor polynomial term of at-least-X_{3}-smooth function X_{2}which was expanded around point X_{4}and which is evaluated at point X_{1}, namely (1/(X_{3!)) × (D^X}. - tei'i
*(exp!)* - discursive: Especially, foremost, primarily, chiefly, preëminently, importantly, significantly (laïc or statistics technical sense), in particular, strongly, notably - in common with, commonly, generally, usually, ordinarily, unnoteably.
- te'i'o
*(exp!)* - discursive: specified by the speaker - unspecified by the speaker
- tei'o
*(exp!)* - discursive: in theory - in practice.
- tei'u
- elidable terminator of a JAhOI construct
- te'o'a
- unary mekso operator: natural exponentiation operator exp, where exp(a) = e
^{a \forall a}. - te'oi
- x
_{1}(set of points in time) is a time of [bridi] taking place. - te'oi'i
- mekso ordered/non-commutative n-ary operator: tensor product/exterior product (of tensors); letting "@" denote the tensor product, A
_{1}@ A_{2}@...@ A_{n }. - te'oi'oi
- terminator, mekso: terminates the listing of an ordered sequence of indices for a tensor
- ti'oi
*(exp!)* - demonstrative article: the … which I'm currently pointing to or am otherwise attracting your attention to.
- ti'u'a
*(exp!)* - at N o'clock; at the hour N of the day.
- ti'u'e
*(exp!)* - at the minute N of the hour.
- ti'u'i
*(exp!)* - at the second N of the minute.
- to'ai
*(exp!)* - conversion: move/promote ['drag-and-drop'] 3rd place to 1st position. Everything else stays in the same order.
- to'au
- Toaq toggle: Toggles text to Toaq language; marks following text as Toaq text.
- to'ei'au
- binary mathematical operator: Jordan totient function J
_{a(b)} - toi'e
- start UI-applicative metalinguistic UI-parenthetical
- toi'o
- end UI-applicative metalinguistic UI-parenthetical (elidable terminator)
- tu'ai
- abstraction described by quoted text
- tu'ei
*(exp!)* - makes a new selbri, the first two places of which are to be filled with sumti from the first two abstraction places of the selbri following this word
- tu'oi
- null connective operand; used to fill empty places in JOI
- tu'oi'u
- end connective string, set, list such that the set of terms provided is exhaustive.
- u'ai
*(exp!)* - attitudinal: triumph/victory - draw/tie/inconclusive - defeat/loss
- uai
*(exp!)* - attitudinal: friendly/friendishly/amicably/companionship/compatriotship/comradeship - antagonistically/enemyishly
- uau
*(exp!)* - Attitudinal: impressed/amazed - unimpressed (neutral)/blasé/bland/commonplace - unimpressed (negative)/disappointed/bored
- uau'o
*(exp!)* - Attitudinal: encouragement - (not engaged) - discouragement
- ue'e
*(exp!)* - discursive: counter-expectational – – aligning with expectations
- ue'i
*(exp!)* - attitudinal: excitement - lack of excitement - boredom
- uei
*(exp!)* - discursive: optional answer premarker
- uei'e
*(exp!)* - attitudinal: excited encouragement
- ui'a
*(exp!)* - excitement/squealing for pleasurable reasons - dullness/disinterest/disengagement - hissing/squealing for unpleasant reasons/disfavor
- ui'i
*(exp!)* - Attitudinal: feel like laughing - neither laughing nor crying - feel like crying
- ui'o
*(exp!)* - cheering/clapping/congratulating/adulation/bravo/praise - neither favorable nor unfavorable judgment - booing/hissing/jeering/disfavor
- ui'y
*(exp!)* - letteral for :)
- uoi
*(exp!)* - discursive: marks question construct as allowing filling it with answers that are non-referential constructs only
- uo'o
*(exp!)* - savoring the now (wishing time would stand still) - patience/indifference toward time passing - impatience (wishing time would move faster)
- uu'i
*(exp!)* - attitudinal: feeling schadenfreude (pleasure from someone's misfortune) - denying feeling schadenfreude.
- u'y
*(exp!)* - letteral for u.
- uy
*(exp!)* - letteral for the u semi-vowel, sometimes written as ŭ
- va'au
*(exp!)* - starts a tanru group with jvajvo-like semantic composition, keeping left grouping.
- va'au'au
- Binary mekso operator: group-theoretic conjugation (group action): maps inputs (X
_{1, X}to X_{2^(-X}= \phi_{(X}. Default: X_{3 }= 1. - va'ei
*(exp!)* - converts number to scalar tag; specifies the value on fuzzy logic scale; to the degree (n) on scale ...
- va'ei'a
- digit/number: Dom Hans van der Laan's plastic number ρ = 1.324717957244746025960908854…
- va'oi
*(exp!)* - discursive: forces jvajvo reading of the preceding brivla; +nai: forces naljvajvo reading of the preceding brivla.
- vau'a
*(exp!)* - pro-sumti: repeats the most recent 1st argument slot (fa-slot).
- va'u'ai
*(exp!)* - describing word / situation: have checked a dictionary - denying either - not have checked a dictionary.
- vau'au'o
- omega constant, Lambert product-log W(1)
- vau'e
*(exp!)* - pro-sumti: repeats the most recent 2nd argument slot (fe-slot).
- vau'e'oi
- interval bracket ordered tuple introducer
- vau'i
*(exp!)* - pro-sumti: repeats the most recent 3rd argument slot (fi-slot).
- vau'o
*(exp!)* - pro-sumti: repeats the most recent 4th argument slot (fo-slot).
- vau'o'oi
- interval bracket ordered tuple terminator
- vau'u
*(exp!)* - pro-sumti: repeats the most recent 5th argument slot (fu-slot).
- ve'ai
- vocative marker: identifies the station(s) to which a message is to be sent and at the same time prepares a universe of discourse by filtering from a stream of messages only those said by that station(s)
- ve'e'a
*(exp!)* - 2-Merge Conversion: placed immediately before a selbri, merges x
_{2}and x_{4}places. - ve'e'i
*(exp!)* - placed before a selbri, merges x1 and x4 places.
- ve'ei
*(exp!)* - Vocative: from station - to station
- ve'e'u
*(exp!)* - 2-Merge Conversion: placed immediately before a selbri, merges x
_{3}and x_{4}places. - vei'e
*(exp!)* - mekso binary operator – quotient from integer-division: sgn(X
_{1)}sgn(X_{2) ((}abs(X_{1) - (}abs(X_{1) \% X}. - vei'i
*(exp!)* - evidential: I remember (experiencing) - I deny remembering
- vei'o
- binary mekso operator: form quotient space X
_{1/X}. - vei'u
*(exp!)* - binary mekso operator: mod(ulus)/remainder; X
_{1}\% X_{2}, \,\,\, X_{1}(mod(X_{2})). - ve'oi
- Close all open mathematical brackets.
- vi'ei'e
- digit/number: Lévy-Khinchin constant γ = e^(π^2)/(12Log
_{e(2)) ≈ 3.2758…} - vi'oi'au
- mekso unary operator: the set of all fixed points of function a
- vo'ai
*(exp!)* - conversion: move/promote 4th place to 1st position. Everything else stays in the same order.
- vo'au'u
- quaternary mathematical operator: (left) convolution (a★b)(c) in structure d
- vo'ei'a
- digit/number: Lambert W(1) constant Ω ≈ 0.5671432904097838729999686622…
- voi'a
- pronoun analogical to the vo'a series for the fai-place.
- voi'e
*(exp!)* - titular possessive: possessive that is part of a name, e.g. "The Summer of Love", "The Wars of the Roses", "Zeno of Elea"
- voi'i
*(exp!)* - titular relative clause: gives a title/name in the form of a relative clause, e.g. "Alexander the Great" or "Woobie, Destroyer of Worlds"
- vo'oi
*(exp!)* - evidential: non-veridical - veridical
- vu'ai
- base-dependent digit: the maximum possible single-digit number expressible in the relevant number base.
- vu'oi
- opening bracket for VUhO
- vy'y
- brisni/statement terminator.
- xa'a
*(exp!)* - naturalistic interjection: laughter
- xa'a'a
*(exp!)* - naturalistic interjection: laughter
- xa'ai
- mekso operator: the bth branch of the (possibly multivalued) function a
- xa'au
- Hadamard-Walsh-Rademaker-Fourier gate/transform.
- xa'e
- location tense distance: too far to interact with; subjective
- xa'ei
*(exp!)* - time tense relation/direction: disconnected in time/place; causally disjoint
- xa'ei'o
- binary mekso operator: Let the inputs X
_{1}and X_{2}be sets in the same universal set O; then the result of this operator applied to them is X_{1^c \cup X}, where for any A \subseteq O, A^{c }= O \setminus A. - xa'ei'u
- binary mekso operator: Let the inputs X
_{1}and X_{2}be sets in the same universal set O; then the result of this operator applied to them is X_{1^c \cap X}, where for any A \subseteq O, A^{c }= O \setminus A. - xa'i
*(exp!)* - discursive: imagining/roleplaying - not imagining/"out of character / in real life"
- xai
*(exp!)* - they.(repeat >1 preceding sumti)
- xai'a
*(exp!)* - naturalistic interjection: Hyah! (battle cry/kiai)
- xai'i
*(exp!)* - Property article: converts the following predicate into an property sumti (whose open slot is the x
_{1}of the predicate). - xai'u'oi
*(exp!)* - interval endpoint status (exclusive/inclusive) marker: independent of the other, all options satisfy
- xa'o
- opposite of za'o: event contour: refers to the portion of the event which occurs before the natural beginning; starting too early before ...; <----.
- xa'oi
*(exp!)* - already; too early than expected;
- xa'oi'a'oi'a
- Any parser parsing the text/sentence/fragment containing this cmavo, must answer that the whole text/sentence/fragment is not syntactically not correct.
- xa'u
- discourse pronoun: the future situation
- xau
*(exp!)* - preposition: marks that which the bridi is beneficial to; for the benefit of..., with beneficiary...
- xau'a
*(exp!)* - shortening of {lo du'u xu kau *bridi*}
- xau'e
- symbol string to number/variable
- xau'ei
*(exp!)* - text to number/variable unassignment
- xau'e'o
- mekso convention default specification/definition (explicit)
- xau'o
*(exp!)* - text to number/variable
- xau'oi
- XAUhO terminator
- xau'o'o
- mekso convention cancellation
- xau'u'oi
*(exp!)* - elliptical/vague interval endpoint status (exclusive/inclusive) marker
- xe'a
- pseudo-number that is unequal to itself.
- xe'au
- mekso clausal referent bracket initializer
- xe'e
- digit/number: any/non-specific referent; modifies quantifier to indicate that it is not important what the specific members of the referential set are
- xe'e'a
*(exp!)* - 2-Merge Conversion: placed immediately before a selbri, merges x
_{2}and x_{n}places. - xe'e'e
*(exp!)* - interjection: laughter/chuckle (heh heh heh)
- xe'e'i
*(exp!)* - placed before a selbri, merges x1 and x5 places.
- xe'ei
- abstractor: place abstractor; x
_{1}is the place where [bridi] takes place - xe'e'o
*(exp!)* - 2-Merge Conversion: placed immediately before a selbri, merges x
_{4}and x_{5}places. - xe'e'u
*(exp!)* - 2-Merge Conversion: placed immediately before a selbri, merges x
_{3}and x_{5}places. - xei
*(exp!)* - digit/number: hex digit E (decimal 14) [fourteen]
- xei'a
*(exp!)* - frees the following attitudinals of their context; precedes free-floating non-modifying attitudinals
- xei'e
*(exp!)* - online location tense; at the same online place as; online equivalent of {bu'u}
- xei'i
*(exp!)* - reattaches the following attitudinals to the containing bridi; precedes free-floating attitudinals to be understood as modifying the bridi they are contained in
- xei'u
*(exp!)* - reattaches the following attitudinals to the containing sentence; precedes free-floating attitudinals to be understood as modifying the sentence they are contained in
- xei'u'oi
*(exp!)* - interval endpoint status (exclusive/inclusive) marker: dependent and coincident/matching with other
- xe'o
*(exp!)* - discursive: simply/merely/just, "all there is to it" - not simply, not just, "there's more to it"
- xe'u
*(exp!)* - Abstraction variable indicator selbrisle.
- xi'e
- scalar subscript
- xi'ei
- binary mekso operator: for ordered list X
_{1}, this word outputs the same ordered list except the indices/subscripts have been relabelled/redefined/reindexed according to rule X_{2}(see notes). - xi'i
- extent of truth
- xi'i'ei
- digit/number: Khinchin's constant K
_{0}= 2.6854520010… - xi'o
- discourse pronoun: the previous situation
- xo'a
- Loglan toggle: Toggles text to TLI Loglan; marks following text as TLI Loglan.
- xo'ai
*(exp!)* - conversion: move/promote 5th place to 1st position. Everything else stays in the same order.
- xo'au
- pro-numeral: the most-recently mentioned full/complete numerical or mathematical string/expression.
- xo'e
- elliptical/unspecified number.
- xo'ei
- unary mekso operator: produces a string of n consecutive "xo'e"'s, treated as digits (concatenated into a single string of digits)
- xo'e'o'e
*(exp!)* - elliptical/unspecified/vague single-symbol (general)
- xo'e'o'ei
- At-most-unary mekso operator: like {xo'ei} but for selma'o XOhEhOhE, rather than just PA
- xo'i
- Extracts selbri from a tag, inverse of fi'o
- xoi
- Right-scoping adverbial clause: encloses a bridi and turns it into an adverbial term; the antecedent (ke'a) of the enclosed bridi stands for the outer bridi {lo su'u no'a ku} (the bridi in which this xoi term appears), including all the other adverbial terms (tags...) within this bridi located on the right of this xoi term (rightward scope).
- xoi'ei'a
- Toggles grammar so that every mention of a number n is interpreted as "at least n".
- xoi'u
*(exp!)* - non-logical connective (mekso set operator): regardless
- xoi'u'oi
*(exp!)* - interval endpoint status (exclusive/inclusive) marker: dependent and contrary/contraposed with other
- xo'o
*(exp!)* - attitudinal modifier: sarcastically - sincerely/honestly
- xo'oi
*(exp!)* - binds a relative clause to both the preceding sumti and the bridi containing that sumti
- xo'u
- opposite of mo'u: interval event contour: at the natural beginning point of ...;
- xu'a
*(exp!)* - discursive: persuading - not arguing/negotiating - conceding
- xu'au
- extent of truth
- xu'e
*(exp!)* - vocative: said/quoth..., used to identify the person speaking a single sentence (e.g. in dialogues)
- xu'o
*(exp!)* - attitudinal contour: stronger over time - unchanging intensity - weaker over time
- xu'o'e
- elliptical bridi logical negator/affirmer/truth-evaluation
- xu'u
*(exp!)* - bridi to sumti: marks the beginning of a subordinate bridi; the whole construct is a sumti referring to the enclosed bridi
- xu'u'i
*(exp!)* - naturalistic interjection: a controlled, focused breathing technique (used for coping, as with pain, fear, etc.)
- xy'au
- digit/number: sixteen (decimal 16).
- xy'y
*(exp!)* - naturalistic interjection: in thought/contemplation
- y'i
- connective: elliptical/generic/vague
- yyy
*(exp!)* - Equivalent to ".{y}" but connotes a somewhat longer pause
- za'ai
*(exp!)* - time tense distance: an unspecified distance in time
- za'au
*(exp!)* - evidential: mark the sentence as being an observation sentence, i.e. a statement that is not based on the truth of another statement but is instead taken from direct observation.
- za'ei
- mekso binary operator: right-handed vectorial cross product (ordered input), a×b
- zai'a
*(exp!)* - attitudinal modifier: observed emotion; preceding attitudinal is observed on listener
- zai'ai
- (elidable) terminator of mathematical/formal quote with mau'au
- zai'e
- jargon word indicator; indicates next word is a jargon word
- zai'o
- pro-sumti: the empty argument/value; syntactically-contextually and type-permitted maximally generic in its typing
- zai'u
- Quote conversion: the sentence(s)/bridi (possibly plural) is/are syntactically correct and semantically intended by the utterer if the outermost layer of quotes (markers) which immediately follows were to be omitted/removed, but the quoted text is in fact a quote (of the indicated type) from some source.
- za'oi
*(exp!)* - yet; still; too long
- zau'e
*(exp!)* - vocative: go! / come on! / get on it! / let's!
- zau'e'u
- text affirmation/negation mode toggle
- zau'u
- digit/number: arbitrarily large/great/increased/many (finite but as big as desired/allowed).
- ze'ai
- tense interval modifier: increasingly...; incrementative. Tagged sumti, if present, indicates amount of increase (lo te zenba)
- ze'ai'au
- unary mekso operator: reverse ordered list/tuple X
_{1}. - ze'ai'e
*(exp!)* - selbri conversion: permute all terbri so as to be exactly backward.
- ze'au
- subjective number which is increasing over time
- ze'au'e
*(exp!)* - last-th conversion: switches the last terbri with the first one.
- ze'e'a
*(exp!)* - n-Merge Conversion: placed immediately before a selbri, merges x
_{2}and all x_{a}places. - ze'e'au
*(exp!)* - n-Merge Conversion: placed immediately before a selbri, merges all x
_{a}places. - ze'e'e
*(exp!)* - n-Merge Conversion: placed immediately before a selbri, merges x
_{5}and all x_{a}places. - ze'e'i
*(exp!)* - n-Merge Conversion: placed immediately before a selbri, merges x
_{1}and all x_{a}places. - ze'ei
- nonce word with existing grammar
- ze'e'o
*(exp!)* - n-Merge Conversion: placed immediately before a selbri, merges x
_{4}and all x_{a}places. - ze'e'u
*(exp!)* - n-Merge Conversion: placed immediately before a selbri, merges x
_{3}and all x_{a}places. - zei'a
- tense interval modifier: increasingly...; incrementative. Tagged sumti, if present, indicates amount of increase (lo te zenba)
- zei'au
- time tense interval: for some length of time.
- zei'e
- marks a construct as used for its form only, not its meaning.
- zei'ei
- begin quote that is converted into rafsi
- zei'ei'au
- begin quote that is converted into rafsi, distributing lujvo-glue between quoted words
- zei'i
*(exp!)* - attitudinal contour: increasing over time - steady - decreasing over time.
- zei'i'au
- unary mekso operator: (analytically continued) Riemann zeta function zeta(z), for complex-valued input z.
- zei'o
*(exp!)* - Delete all sumti slots of the immediately preceding word which are not explicitly filled excepting the first n (specified by subscript; contextless default: n=0).
- zei'oi
- end rafsi-converting quote: terminates ZEIhEI quote
- ze'oi
- converts following word to selbri-unit: "x
_{1}is related to the meaning of this word in aspect x_{2}" - zi'a
*(exp!)* - nonce-word indicator; indicates previous word is nonce-creation and may be nonstandard
- zi'ai
*(exp!)* - jargon word indicator; indicates previous word is a jargon word
- zi'a'o
- mathematical operator: the empty/null [one sense]/trivial [one sense]/blank operator
- zi'au
- nonexistent/undefining it; the selbri is not applicable when the other terbri are filled in the manner in which they are in this utterance/bridi.
- zi'e'a
- converts a following bu-letteral into a sumti representing the musical natural note with that name.
- zi'e'au
- converts a following number into a sumti representing the MIDI note with that number.
- zi'e'e
- converts a following bu-letteral into a sumti representing the musical sharp note with that name.
- zi'e'i
- converts a following bu-letteral into a sumti representing the musical double sharp note with that name.
- zi'ei
*(exp!)* - marks a construct as used for its form only, not its meaning.
- zi'e'o
- converts a following bu-letteral into a sumti representing the musical flat note with that name.
- zi'e'u
- converts a following bu-letteral into a sumti representing the musical double flat note with that name.
- zi'oi
*(exp!)* - fills and deletes (in the manner as {zi'o}) all terbri of immediately previous word that are not explicitly filled with a sumti
- zo'ai
*(exp!)* - quotes a selbri.
- zo'au
- start logical, topical, or termset postnex
- zo'ei
- Something associated with; equivalent to “zo'e pe” or "lo co'e be".
- zo'e'u
- end attitudinal quotation
- zoi'ai
- non-mekso quote/name substitution for ordered collection of prescriptions, descriptions, definitions, etc.
- zoi'ai'e
- empty string/text/word
- zoi'i
*(exp!)* - pro-sumti: current topic (most recent unquantified sumti occurring in a prenex).
- zo'i'o
- quote indicators only
- zoi'o'e
- elliptical/unspecified/vague string/text/word
- zoi'u
- tags a topic or prenex; scopes over the entire bridi (unless there is already a {zo'u} clause).
- zo'oi
*(exp!)* - quote next non-Lojban word only; quotes a single non-Lojban word delimited by pauses (in speech) or whitespace (in writing)
- zu'ai
- shows mutual activity between this place and the first place of the current bridi; members participating in the activity are put into the first place (that e.g. can be formed by connecting sumti with {ce} or {jo'u})
- zu'au
*(exp!)* - location tense relation/direction (angular); counterclockwise from..., locally leftwards/to the left of ...
- zu'ei
*(exp!)* - Adverbial, metacommentary-introducing, and complex discursive: I express this utterance/construct/(rest of the) bridi which has been tagged for the purpose or goal of enacting, causing, enabling, implementing, actualizing, manifesting, enhancing, yielding, or rendering applicable the immediately following and enclosed bridi or in order to make the immediately following and enclosed bridi be true (or closer to the truth or more true or more strongly true) in application to the utterance/construct/rest of the bridi which has been tagged by this marker; the tagged expression/construct is for the benefit or sake of making the immediately following and enclosed bridi true.
- zu'i'a
- typically what?
- zu'oi
- mekso; binary operator: z-score for the X
_{1}quantile; X_{2}(default: 1) acts as the descriptor toggle (see notes). - zy'ei
- digit/number: seventeen (decimal 17).
- zy'oi
*(exp!)* - exophoric article: some certain thing(s) which… (identity ascertainable from the context).