dzena -dze- gismu

x1 is an elder/ancestor of x2 by bond/tie/degree x3; x1's generation precedes x2's parents.

See also patfu, rirni, tamne.

In notes:

x1 is a father of x2; x1 begets/sires/acts paternal towards x2; [not necessarily biological].
x1 is a parent of/raises/rears x2; x1 mentors/acts parental toward child/protege x2.
x1 is cousin to x2 by bond/tie x3; [non-immediate family member, default same generation].
s1=d2=l2 is a conservative in beliefs l3 against opposition s3 by means s4
si1 is a conservative political ideology as applied by t1=sa1=d2=l2 among/in people/territory/domain t2 based on the works of thinker si3
k1 is classical.
x1 is a genetic-familial/'blood' ancestor of x2 by bond/tie/relation/of degree x3.
x1 is a genetic-familial/'blood' descendant of x2 by bond/tie/relation/of degree x3.
x1 is a descendant of x2 in hierarchy x3
x1 is a descendant of x2, x3 levels down from it, in hierarchy x4
x1 is x3 (undirected) hops away from x2 in graph x4
x1 is a grandparent of x2 by bond/tie/relation/standard x3 (not necessarily genetic/biological nor necessarily directly ancestral); x1 is an associated member of x2's parent(s)'s parent(s)'s generation.
x1 and x2 are mutual sibling nodes in a directed tree graph x6 such that their shared parent node(s) x5 is/are the most-recent common direct ancestor of x3 and x4, such that x1 is a direct ancestor of or simply is x3 (as the case may be), and such that x2 is a direct ancestor of or simply is x4 (as the case may be), all according to tree ordering relation x7.
x1 (node in a tree graph) and x2 (node in the same tree graph) have an essentially unique most recent (graph-nearest) common ancestor node A such that x3 [nonnegative integer; li] is the minimum element of the set consisting only of d(A, x1) and of d(A, x2), and such that x4 [integer; li] is d(A, x1) - d(A, x2), where d is the graph geodesic distance (defined to be infinite if nodes are not connected in the correct direction).
x1 is a child of x2 (one level below it) in hierarchy x3
x1 and x2 share common parent x3 in hierarchy x4
x1 is Sagittarius [astronomical constellation/astrological sign].
rirny'utka zei treicytunba
x1 is analogous to a sibling in a rank/seniority for/of a rirny'utka of x2 by standard/in hierarchy/via partial ordering or relation(ship) x3 (this is the connection between the rirny'utka at hand and x1 which justifies the treicytunba label), where x2 and the said rirny'utka are connected via intermediate steps x4 (ce'o).