x_{1} (du'u) contradicts/denies/refutes/negates x_{2} (du'u) under rules/logic x_{3}.

Also exception (= nafmupli); agentive contradict/deny (= nafxu'a or tolxu'a). See also nibli, tugni, zanru, xusra.

- nibli
- x
_{1}logically necessitates/entails/implies action/event/state x_{2}under rules/logic system x_{3}. - tugni
- x
_{1}[person] agrees with person(s)/position/side x_{2}that x_{3}(du'u) is true about matter x_{4}. - xusra
- x
_{1}(agent) asserts/claims/declares x_{2}(du'u) is true [can be used for epistemology of authority]. - zanru
- x
_{1}approves of/gives favor to plan/action x_{2}(object/event). - nafselte'i
- x
_{1}is an exception/the only one without property x_{2}among x_{3} - seznafyju'a
- x
_{1}is a contradiction/contradictory statement about x_{2} - tolna'e
- x
_{1}(du'u) confirms/corroborates/verifies x_{2}(du'u) under rules/logic x_{3}; x_{1}(du'u) is an evidence for x_{2}(du'u) - tolxu'a
- x
_{1}(agent) denies that x_{2}(du'u) is true. - zilna'e
- x
_{1}(du'u) is not true - fidna
- x
_{1}pretends/feigns that x_{2}is true in activity x_{3}; x_{1}does x_{3}as though x_{2}were true - nai'i
*(exp!)* - nafselte'i modal: except...