x_{1} hopes/wishes for/desires x_{2} (event), expected likelihood x_{3} (0-1); x_{1} hopes that x_{2} happens.

Also: x_{1} is hopeful of x_{2}; x_{2} will hopefully occur, as hoped for by x_{1}; the value of x_{3} is a subjective estimate of likeliness according to x_{1}, and is the basic determinant of whether pacna means 'hope' or 'wish' or 'expect': hoping for objects/states with negligible expectation is "wishing"; if the state is plausibly likely, it is "hoping"; when the probability is subjectively near 1, the attitude is described as "expecting"; the value will usually be expressed using inexact numbers ("li piso'u" to "li piro"); wish (= sotpa'a), hope (= sorpa'a), expect (= sojypa'a).
See also djica.

- djica
- x
_{1}desires/wants/wishes x_{2}(event/state) for purpose x_{3}. - a'o
- attitudinal: hope - despair.
- nonpa'a
- x
_{1}wishes for x_{2}(impossibility or believed impossibility) - norpa'a
- x
_{1}is indifferent/neutral/apathetic about event x_{2}, expected likelihood x_{3}. - nulpa'a
- p
_{1}expects/looks for the occurence of p_{2}(event), expected likelihood p_{3}(0-1); p_{1}subjectively evaluates the likelihood of p_{2}(event) to be p_{3}. - pa'arbau
- b
_{1}is Esperanto. - sojypa'a
- p
_{1}expects p_{2}(event); p_{1}expects p_{2}to happen. - sorpa'a
- p
_{1}hopes for p_{2}(event); p_{1}hopes that p_{2}happens. - sotpa'a
- p
_{1}wishes for p_{2}(event); p_{1}wishes that p_{2}happened. - tolpa'a
- x
_{1}despairs/is despondent/pessimistic about x_{2}, expected likelihood x_{3}. - kanpe
- x
_{1}expects/looks for the occurence of x_{2}(event), expected likelihood x_{3}(0-1, default {li} {so'a} i.e. near 1); x_{1}subjectively evaluates the likelihood of x_{2}(event) to be x_{3}. - ko'oi
*(exp!)* - discursive: imperative/hortative
- apma
- x
_{1}(agent) consigns (by thought, word, or deed) x_{2}(patient) to fate x_{3}(abstraction) - gleiba
- x
_{1}would be happy to discover that x_{2}is the case. - incala
- x
_{1}(entity) expresses a wish for a given future event x_{2}(event) to occur; x_{1}expresses "god willing" / "deo volente" hope