sumti -sum-su'i- gismu

x1 is a/the argument of predicate/function x2 filling place x3 (kind/number).

(x1 and x2 are text); See also bridi, darlu, gismu.


In definition:

simxu
x1 (set) has members who mutually/reciprocally x2 (event [x1 should be reflexive in 1+ sumti]).
a
logical connective: sumti afterthought or.
ba
time tense relation/direction: will [selbri]; after [sumti]; default future tense.
be
sumti link to attach sumti (default x2) to a selbri; used in descriptions.
be'o
elidable terminator: end linked sumti in specified description.
bei
separates multiple linked sumti within a selbri; used in descriptions.
ca
time tense relation/direction: is [selbri]; during/simultaneous with [sumti]; present tense.
co
tanru inversion operator; "... of type ..."; allows modifier trailing sumti without sumti links.
cu
elidable marker: separates selbri from preceding sumti, allows preceding terminator elision.
da
logically quantified existential pro-sumti: there exists something 1 (usually restricted).
da'e
pro-sumti: remote future utterance; "He'll tell you tomorrow. IT will be a doozy.".
da'o
discursive: cancel pro-sumti/pro-bridi assignments.
da'u
pro-sumti: a remote past utterance; "She couldn't have known that IT would be true.".
de
logically quantified existential pro-sumti: there exists something 2 (usually restricted).
de'e
pro-sumti: a near future utterance.
de'u
pro-sumti: a recent utterance.
dei
pro-sumti: this utterance.
di
logically quantified existential pro-sumti: there exists something 3 (usually restricted).
di'e
pro-sumti: the next utterance.
di'u
pro-sumti: the last utterance.
do
pro-sumti: you listener(s); identified by vocative.
do'i
pro-sumti: elliptical/unspecified utterance variable.
do'o
pro-sumti: you the listener & others unspecified.
du
identity selbri; = sign; x1 identically equals x2, x3, etc.; attached sumti refer to same thing.
e
logical connective: sumti afterthought and.
fa
sumti place tag: tag 1st sumti place.
fai
sumti place tag: tag a sumti moved out of numbered place structure; used in modal conversions.
fe
sumti place tag: tag 2nd sumti place.
fi
sumti place tag: tag 3rd sumti place.
fi'a
sumti place tag: place structure number/tag question.
fi'o
convert selbri to nonce modal/sumti tag.
fo
sumti place tag: tag 4th sumti place.
fo'a
pro-sumti: he/she/it/they #6 (specified by goi).
fo'e
pro-sumti: he/she/it/they #7 (specified by goi).
fo'i
pro-sumti: he/she/it/they #8 (specified by goi).
fo'o
pro-sumti: he/she/it/they #9 (specified by goi).
fo'u
pro-sumti: he/she/it/they #10 (specified by goi).
fu
sumti place tag: tag 5th sumti place.
goi
sumti assignment; used to define/assign ko'a/fo'a series pro-sumti; Latin 'sive'.
ji
logical connective: sumti afterthought connective question.
ke'a
pro-sumti: relativized sumti (object of relative clause).
ko
pro-sumti: you (imperative); make it true for you, the listener.
ko'a
pro-sumti: he/she/it/they #1 (specified by goi).
ko'e
pro-sumti: he/she/it/they #2 (specified by goi).
ko'i
pro-sumti: he/she/it/they #3 (specified by goi).
ko'o
pro-sumti: he/she/it/they #4 (specified by goi).
ko'u
pro-sumti: he/she/it/they #5 (specified by goi).
ku
elidable terminator: end description, modal, or negator sumti; often elidable.
la'e
the referent of (indirect pointer); uses the referent of a sumti as the desired sumti.
la'o
delimited non-Lojban name; the resulting quote sumti is treated as a name.
li
the number/evaluated expression; convert number/operand/evaluated math expression to sumti.
lo'o
elidable terminator: end math express.(mex) sumti; end mex-to-sumti conversion; usually elidable.
lu'e
the symbol for (indirect discourse); uses the symbol/word(s) for a sumti as the desired sumti.
lu'u
elidable terminator: end of sumti qualifiers; usually elidable except before a sumti.
ma
pro-sumti: sumti question (what/who/how/why/etc.); appropriately fill in sumti blank.
ma'a
pro-sumti: me/we the speaker(s)/author(s) & you the listener(s) & others unspecified.
mau
zmadu modal, 1st place (a greater) exceeded by ... ; usually a sumti modifier.
me
convert sumti to selbri/tanru element; x1 is specific to [sumti] in aspect x2.
me'a
mleca modal, 1st place (a lesser) undercut by ... ; usually a sumti modifier.
me'o
the mathematical expression (unevaluated); convert unevaluated mathematical expression to sumti.
me'u
elidable terminator: end sumti that was converted to selbri; usually elidable.
mi
pro-sumti: me/we the speaker(s)/author(s); identified by self-vocative.
mi'a
pro-sumti: me/we the speaker(s)/author(s) & others unspecified, but not you, the listener.
mi'o
pro-sumti: me/we the speaker(s)/author(s) & you the listener(s).
mo'e
convert sumti to mex operand; sample use in story arithmetic: [3 apples] + [3 apples] = what.
nu'u
elidable terminator: end forethought termset; usually elidable except with following sumti.
o
logical connective: sumti afterthought biconditional/iff/if-and-only-if.
poi
restrictive relative clause; attaches subordinate bridi with identifying information to a sumti.
pu
time tense relation/direction: did [selbri]; before/prior to [sumti]; default past tense.
ra
pro-sumti: a recent sumti before the last one, as determined by back-counting rules.
ri
pro-sumti: the last sumti, as determined by back-counting rules.
ru
pro-sumti: a remote past sumti, before all other in-use backcounting sumti.
soi
discursive: reciprocal sumti marker; indicates a reciprocal relationship between sumti.
ta
pro-sumti: that there; nearby demonstrative it; indicated thing/place near listener.
ti
pro-sumti: this here; immediate demonstrative it; indicated thing/place near speaker.
tu
pro-sumti: that yonder; distant demonstrative it; indicated thing far from speaker&listener.
tu'a
extracts a concrete sumti from an unspecified abstraction; equivalent to le nu/su'u [sumti] co'e.
u
logical connective: sumti afterthought whether-or-not.
vau
elidable: end of sumti in simple bridi; in compound bridi, separates common trailing sumti.
vo'a
pro-sumti: repeats 1st place of main bridi of this sentence.
vo'e
pro-sumti: repeats 2nd place of main bridi of this sentence.
vo'i
pro-sumti: repeats 3rd place of main bridi of this sentence.
vo'o
pro-sumti: repeats 4th place of main bridi of this sentence.
vo'u
pro-sumti: repeats 5th place of main bridi of this sentence.
vu'i
sumti qualifier: the sequence made from set or composed of elements/components; order is vague.
vu'o
joins relative clause/phrase to complete complex or logically connected sumti in afterthought.
zi'e
joins relative clauses which apply to the same sumti.
zi'o
pro-sumti: fills a sumti place, deleting it from selbri place structure;changes selbri semantics.
zo'e
pro-sumti: an elliptical/unspecified value; has some value which makes bridi true.
zu'i
pro-sumti: the typical sumti value for this place in this relationship; affects truth value.
ca ma
sumti question asking for a time/date/event; simultaneous with what?.
cu'u ko'a
tagged sumti: can be used for embedded: it-1 said, "...", with editorial unquote and insert.
enai
logical connective: sumti afterthought x but not y.
je'abo
negation sumti qualifier: that which indeed is.
ki'u ma
sumti question asking for a rational explanation/justification; why?.
la'edi'u
pro-sumti: the referent of the last utterance; the state described: "IT was fun".
la'u ma
sumti question asking for a quantity; how many?.
le go'i
description pro-sumti: reuses the value of the x1 of the previous bridi.
le sego'i
description pro-sumti: reuses the value of the x2 of the previous bridi.
le tego'i
description pro-sumti: reuses the value of the x3 of the previous bridi.
le vego'i
description pro-sumti: reuses the value of the x4 of the previous bridi.
le xego'i
description pro-sumti: reuses the value of the x5 of the previous bridi.
me'e ma
sumti question asking for a name; who?; requires quoted name as an answer.
mu'i ma
sumti question asking for a motive; why?.
na'ebo
negation sumti qualifier: something other than.
na.a
logical connective: sumti afterthought conditional/only if.
ni'i ma
sumti question asking for a logical proof; why?.
no'ebo
negation sumti qualifier: the neutral form/value of.
noda
logically quantified sumti: nothing at all (unless restricted).
onai
logical connective: sumti afterthought exclusive or; Latin 'aut'.
pa'aku
sumti: explicitly marks respective use as in "THEY read THEIR (respective) books".
ri'a ma
sumti question asking for a physical cause; why?.
roda
logically quantified universal sumti: everything (unless restricted).
sekai ma
sumti question asking for a characteristic property/quality; which?.
semau
zmadu modal, 2nd place (relative!) more than ...; usually a sumti modifier.
semaunai
zmadu modal, 2nd place (relative!) not more than ...; usually a sumti modifier.
seme'a
mleca modal, 2nd place (relative!) less than ...; usually a sumti modifier.
seme'anai
mleca modal, 2nd place (relative!) not less than ...; usually a sumti modifier.
ta'i ma
sumti question asking for a method; how?.
to'ebo
negation sumti qualifier: the opposite of.
vi ma
sumti question asking for a location: at/near what?.
sumgadri
x1 is a sumti qualifier labelling sumti x2 with semantics x3.
sumka'i
x1 is a pro-sumti/pronoun representing x2 as argument of predicate/function x3 filling place x4.
sumtcita
x1 is a sumti tag/[preposition] showing information x2
sumyzmico
x1=z1=s1 is a zmico that functions as a pro-sumti which references specified default value x2=z2 (definition/function) that works with discourse-orientation x3=z3 (discourse exterior/interior), filling terbri of brivla/predicate x4=s2, in language x5=z5; x1 is a default-value-referencing pro-sumti with definition/function/value x2
besto
x1 dons metaphorical asbestos suit x2 to guard against flames x3 on topic x4 from x5, who disagrees with post x6 for reason x7, not realizing that the post was meant to be sent to x8 rather than all of mailing list x9 (default jboste) where it was posted in response to email x10, whose author wishes selma'o x11 (default SE) were extended to concisely express place x12 of brivla x13 (default Besto) which has place structure x14 and too many places because of sadistic whim x15 of brivla-maker x16, who also created brivla x17 which has place structure x18, and so winds up using too many of cmavo x19 (default zi'o) in order to make the brivla ( x13) more usable by standard x20 and wishes they had never heard of the word besto for reason x21, not realizing for reason x22 that it was suggested sarcastically due to boredom x23 of person x24, who is proposing it against better judgement x25 because it is fun by standard x26, but still wishes it had as many places as x27 (default du) for reason x28, and feels like throwing in epistemology sumti x29, because he/she knows both that gismu x30 (default besto) has its place structure defined by run-on sentence x31 and that epistemology sumti are used in gismu x32 by epistemology x33, notwithstanding the fact that x34 actually has a use for besto places x35 (default 1) through x36 (default x7) and wishes this weren't an extremely long and stupid joke, longer than joke x37 and stupider than joke x38 but still appreciated by x39 - a fact which says x40 about them in the opinion of x41 - but not seen as even remotely amusing by x42, who is aware that x43 has a use for the gismu besto because of x45
ba'oi
Converts PA into tense; in [number (usually nonspecific)] possible futures where [sumti (du'u)] is true
da'au
pro-sumti: forgetful something/memory-less da
dei'u
pro-sumti: the previous word
di'au
pro-sumti and sumyzmico: discourse-interior default it (terbri-specific)
di'ei
pro-sumti and sumyzmico: an elliptical/unspecified value which does not necessarily obey the default setting for the corresponding terbri that is explicitly specified in the definition of the word; has some value which makes bridi true
di'oi
pro-sumti & sumyzmico: discourse-exterior default it
kau'a
pro-sumti: strong-memory something1/eidetic da/elephant thing1 (logically quantified existential, arbitrarily-long-scope pro-sumti)
kau'e
pro-sumti: strong-memory something2/eidetic de/elephant thing2 (logically quantified existential, arbitrarily-long-scope pro-sumti)
kau'i
pro-sumti: strong-memory something3/eidetic di/elephant thing3 (logically quantified existential, arbitrarily-long-scope pro-sumti)
lo'oi
Description clause: create a sumti from the enclosed bridi, describing the referent of the created sumti as filling the bridi place filled with {ke'a}.
mai'i
pro-sumti: the universal argument/value; syntactically-contextually and type-permitted maximally generic in its typing
me'au
Convert abstract predicate sumti back to predicate
me'ei
Article for abstract predicate sumti
mu'ei
Converts PA into tense; in [number (usually nonspecific)] possible worlds/alternate histories where [sumti (du'u)] is true
xai
they.(repeat >1 preceding sumti)
zai'o
pro-sumti: the empty argument/value; syntactically-contextually and type-permitted maximally generic in its typing
zi'oi
fills and deletes (in the manner as {zi'o}) all terbri of immediately previous word that are not explicitly filled with a sumti

In notes:

bridi
x1 (text) is a predicate relationship with relation x2 among arguments (sequence/set) x3.
canja
x1 exchanges/trades/barters commodity x2 for x3 with x4; x1, x4 is a trader/merchant/businessman.
cerda
x1 is an heir to/is to inherit x2 (object/quality) from x3 according to rule x4.
cirko
x1 loses person/thing x2 at/near x3; x1 loses property/feature x2 in conditions/situation x3.
cnemu
x1 (agent) rewards x2 [recipient] for atypical x3 (event/property) with reward/desserts x4.
darlu
x1 argues for stand x2 against stand x3; [an opponent is not necessary].
dirba
x1 is dear/precious/darling to x2; x1 is emotionally valued by x2.
djica
x1 desires/wants/wishes x2 (event/state) for purpose x3.
dunda
x1 [donor] gives/donates gift/present x2 to recipient/beneficiary x3 [without payment/exchange].
friti
x1 offers/proffers x2 [offering] to x3 with conditions x4.
gadri
x1 is an article/descriptor labelling description x2 (text) in language x3 with semantics x4.
gismu
x1 is a (Lojban) root word expressing relation x2 among argument roles x3, with affix(es) x4.
jdima
x1 [amount] is the price of x2 to purchaser/consumer x3 set by vendor x4.
jerna
x1 (agent/person) earns/[deserves/merits] wages/salary/pay x2 for work/service x3 (activity).
jinga
x1 (person/team) wins/gains prize x2 from/over x3 [competitors/losers] in competition x4.
kargu
x1 (object/commodity/property/event) is costly/expensive/dear to x2 by standard x3.
pleji
x1 pays/compensates/remunerates/[rewards] payment x2 to recipient/payee x3 for goods/services x4.
polje
x1 (force) folds/creases x2 at locus/loci/forming crease(s)/bend(s) x3.
prali
x1 is a profit/gain/benefit/advantage to x2 accruing/resulting from activity/process x3.
sorcu
x1 is a store/deposit/supply/reserve of materials/energy x2 in containment x3.
vamji
x1 (ni) is the equivalent value/worth of x2 [item(s) of value] to x3 for use/appreciation x4.
vecnu
x1 [seller] sells/vends x2 [goods/service/commodity] to buyer x3 for amount/cost/expense x4.
xajmi
x1 is funny/comical to x2 in property/aspect x3 (nu/ka); x3 is what is funny about x1 to x2.
lo
veridical descriptor: the one(s) that really is(are) ...
bimkemnipyple
p1=s1 is a wallpaper from source p2, sticking on wall s2=b1.
gincilnacnalfadni
f1 (member) exhibits aneuploidy (atypical quantity of chromosome) of type/number n1 in/with respect to chromosome gc1 which is atypical of species/set gc3=f3
nolraitrututra
x1 is a monarchal territory/noble territory/regency (territory)/kingdom (territory)/queendom (territory) of ruler x2
sumrei
p1 (text) is a question asking for an argument, asked by p3 to p4.
suzyterki'i
x1=k3 is the relationship between x2=k1, x3=k2, x3...; x1 is a property of x2.
tunri'a
x1=r1 (nu) physically causes x2=t1 (object, usually pointed) to poke x3=t2 (experiencer) under conditions x4=r3
jviso
x1 is the ISO designation/result/standard/code for topic x2 applied to specific case/individual/group/thing x3 according to rule/ISO specification x4 published by/according to mandating organization x5 (default: ISO)
zmico
x1 belongs to a particular class of cmavo concerned with terbri default specifications and values; x1 is such a default-concerned cmavo with function/definition x2 that works at level/with construct-orientation x3 and with discourse duration x4, in language x5
ce'oi
argument list separator: acts as a comma between arguments in an argument list supplied to a function.
cei'i
pro-bridi: the universal predicate
dau'a
gafyzmico: Reset all default specifications of immediately previous word to official definition specifications hereinafter (permanently)
de'ai
default value (re)specification/(re)assignment/(re)definition/over-write; set new default value (terbri-specific; permanent)
de'au
gafyzmico: Cancellation (permanent) of all defaults in immediately previous word
de'oi
Cancellation (instant-/usage-wise; temporary) of all defaults in immediately previous word
do'ai
discursive & gafyzmico: ignore/kill all following default specifications (permanently)
doi'a
gafyzmico: Reset all default specification of the immediately previous word to their respective discourse-external/official definition specifications for this instance/usage only.
gai'o
pro-bridi: the empty predicate
ju'au
semi-mathematical binary operator: named number base operator/interpreter
la'ei
combines LA with DOI
nau'u
what is now; refers to current space/time/situation reference absolutely
anste
x1 feels existential Angst
atna
x1 is a lotus, plant/flower/herb of species/strain x2.
ctaipe
x1 is an object/construct fulfilling grammatical role/of (syntactic) category x2 with (sub)typing/data type/of selma'o x3, having specific properties/features/definition x4
javniso
x1 is the ISO designation/result/standard/code for topic x2 applied to specific case/individual/group/thing x3 according to rule/ISO specification x4 published by/according to mandating organization x5 (default: ISO)
jvaiso
x1 is the ISO designation/result/standard/code for topic x2 applied to specific case/individual/group/thing x3 according to rule/ISO specification x4 published by/according to mandating organization x5 (default: ISO)
jvinjiata
x1 is the IATA (International Air Transport Association) designation/result/standard/code for general subject type x2 (contextless default probably: airports) applied to specific case/entity/procedure/group/hub/terminus/location x3 according to rule/IATA specification/publication x4 published by/according to mandating organization x5 (default: IATA)
jvinjica'o
x1 is the ICAO (International Civil Aviation Organization; French: Organisation de l'aviation civile internationale, OACI) designation/result/standard/code for general subject type x2 (contextless default probably: airports) applied to specific case/entity/procedure/group/hub/terminus/location x3 according to rule/ICAO specification/publication x4 published by/according to mandating organization x5 (default: ICAO)
otpi
x1 is a bottle/jar/urn/flask/closable container for x2, made of material x3.