# nu bu BY* bu-letteral

pro-sumti: refers to the last complete sumti that started with a nu-abstraction

See nu. See also du'u bu, ka bu, ni bu.

## In definition:

vajni
x1 (object/event) is important/significant to x2 (person/event) in aspect/for reason x3 (nu/ka).
venfu
x1 takes revenge on/retaliates against x2 (person) for wrong x3 (nu) with vengeance x4 (nu).
xajmi
x1 is funny/comical to x2 in property/aspect x3 (nu/ka); x3 is what is funny about x1 to x2.
tu'a
extracts a concrete sumti from an unspecified abstraction; equivalent to le nu/su'u [sumti] co'e.
lenu
specific event descriptor: contraction of {le nu} and identical in meaning.
lonu
event descriptor: contraction of {lo nu} and identical in meaning.
tefi'ei
ifle modal, 3rd place: "otherwise..." (du'u or nu)
basxarfri
x1 vicariously experiences x2 (ka/nu/li'i), imagining themself in place of x3
bavgaupei
g1=p1 thinks about/considers/ponders/reflects upon doing b1=g2=p2 (nu) after b2 (nu)
cabda'o
x1 (nu) happens far away in time from x2 (nu).
cabjbi
x1 (nu) happens nearby in time from x2 (nu).
cazgau
x1 actualizes x2 (nu); x1 makes x2 actually happen; x1 makes x2 a reality
cirvai
v1 is historical/a landmark/watershed in the history of c2, according to v2=c3, in aspect/for reason v3 (nu/ka).
djisku
x1 expresses/says that they desire x2 (nu/ka) to audience x3 in medium x4, desired for purpose x5
facfau
x1 (nu) really happens / actually happens
facyborselkaizilkanpyborselkaimau'yraunzu
x1 is so x2 (ka) that x3 (nu); x1=ckajiZ1=ckajiP1=raunzu1 satisfies property x2=ckajiZ2=fatci1=raunzu2=zmadu2 enough that x3=raunzu3, where ckajiP2=kanpe2=zmadu2.
faurbanzu
x1 (nu) is a sufficient condition/is enough for x2 (nu) to happen
gaspu'a
x1 (thing/nu) feels sensory-good / is a pleasant stimulus to x2
ja'orzu'e
x1 does x2 (ka/nu) to show that they satisfy x3 (ka) to audience x4.
jikykrali
x1 (NU) is a social right/entitlement of x2 (individual/mass) by standard x3. x2 is a legal person.
klizga
x1 practices vipassana under situations of events/experiences x2 (nu/ka) happening
malselja'e
x1 (nu) is counter-productive yielding/has negative outcome/result x2
nalri'i
r1 (NU) is casual, not formal/ceremonial.
nunctu
x1 (nu) is an event in which x2 teaches x3 facts x4 (du'u) about x5 by means x6; x1 is a lesson given by x2 to x3.
nutcru
x1 accidentally/unintentionally lets/allows x2 (nu/za'i) to happen; x1 permits x2 (nu/za'i) without meaning to.
placazgau
x1 (agent) implements plan x2 (nu/si'o)
plivei
v1 is a log/record of data v2 (nu/du'u) about v3=p1's use of resource p2 for purpose p3 recorded in medium v4.
rarkrali
k1=r1 (NU) is a natural right of k2 (individual/mass) by standard k3.
rivyzu'e
r1=z1 is a volitional entity in refusing to employ means/take action r2=z2 (ka or nu), for purpose/goal z3/to end z3
roldje
x1 (nu) [typically] happens everyday
sambau
b1 is a computer language used by b2 on computer s1 for purpose s2 (NU abstraction).
seltra
t2 (NU) is the conduct behaved by agent t1 under condition t3.
selvai
x1 cares about x2 for reason x3 (nu/ka).
teirmijyfau
The elapsed time/duration between x1 (nu, or time-/date-stamp) and x2 (nu, or time-/date-stamp) is equal to the elapsed time/duration between x1 and x3 (nu, or time-/date-stamp), such that x2 occurred no later than x3 (thus, x1 is also a temporal midpoint between them), in frame of reference x4.
termu'igau
x1 (agent) convinces / persuades / motivates x2 (agent) to do/be x3 (ka/nu/zu'o) by means/motivation x4 (nu)
tervai
x3=v1 (object/event) is important/significant to x2=v2 (person/event) in aspect/for reason x1=v3 (nu/ka).
tunri'a
x1=r1 (nu) physically causes x2=t1 (object, usually pointed) to poke x3=t2 (experiencer) under conditions x4=r3
vajmli
x1 = v1 = m1 is mildly/somewhat important or of middling importance to x2 = v2 (person/event) in aspect/for reason x3 = v3 (nu/ka).
xaircu'i
x1 (nu) might damage / may be harmful / is a risk to victim x2 in property x3 (ka) resulting in injury x4 (state)
xamgau
g1 does/brings about event/state g2=xa1 which is funny/comical to xa2 in property/aspect xa3 (nu/ka).
zanselja'e
x1 (nu) is productive yielding/has positive outcome/result x2
zilsno
Process/event x1 (nu/pu'u) unfolds slowly.
zilsutra
Process x1 (nu/pu'u) unfolds quickly, rapidly.
zukselpla
p2=z2 is a policy of p3=z3 (nu) prescribed by p1.
corci
x1 is a gesture/facial expression/body part motion/body language/expressive (nonverbal or nonvocal) feature/microexpression/stature/posture/sign/body signal [nonverbal expression made using only one's body parts and items on one's immediate person as extensions of the body in order to communicate; possibly nonlinguistic/extralinguistic] that conveys/expresses thought/emotion/command/idea x2 (nu/si'o; possibly text and other types) made using body part/utensil/object/at locus x3 in/by motion/action/means x4
dzama
x1 performs chore / menial duty / housework / errand x2 (nu/ka) for purpose / as obliged by x3.
krali
x1 (NU) is a legal/moral entitlement of x2 (individual/mass) by standard x3. x2 is a legal person.
ronsa
x1 is redundant/unnecessary with x2 because the both satisfy property x3 (ka) under conditions / because of reason x4 (nu/du'u)
sikta
x1 affects x2 in manner x3 (nu / ka-of-x2)
zviki
x1 (agent) creates 'hack' x2 (nu/zu'o/si'o) for system/tool x3 from inspiration x4; x2 is an emergent use/purpose for x3, unexpected by the original creators or users
ca'ei
shorthand for {ca lo nu}; during the event-of
cu'oi'e
convert number to statistical odds selbri; event x1 (nu) has statistical odds (n) of occurring (versus not occuring) under conditions x2.
fi'ei
ifle modal, 1st place: if [sumti] (du'u or nu) is true...
jai'i
takes NU or LE NU, turns into sumtcita: clarifies the semantic NU-type of the current bridi.
noi'a
incidental/non-restrictive adverbial: converts selbri to bridi adverbial term. The first place of the converted selbri is claimed to be such that the outer bridi satisfies it, and the outer bridi is claimed. {broda noi'a brode} means {lo nu broda ku goi ko'a cu fasnu .i ko'a brode}.
poi'a
restrictive adverbial: converts selbri to bridi adverbial term. The first place of the converted selbri is claimed to occur in conjunction with the outer bridi. {broda poi'a brode} means {lo nu broda cu fasnu gi'e brode}.
poi'o'a
restrictive first place adverbial: converts selbri to bridi adverbial term. The outer bridi is claimed to occur together with the event of the first place of that bridi satisfying the converted selbri. {broda poi'o'a brode} means {broda fau lo nu vo'a brode}.
soi'a
subordinating adverbial: converts selbri to bridi adverbial term. The bridi is claimed to satisfy the first place of the converted selbri, but is not itself claimed to occur. {broda soi'a brode} means {lo nu broda cu brode}
anpeza'ofau
x1 (nu) is an event which takes significantly longer (to conclude (with or without completion))/has much greater duration than what x2 originally expected, where 'significantly longer in duration/elapse' is determined according to standard x3.
banzunu
That x1 (nu) happens is a sufficient condition for x2 (nu) to happen
ca'engau
x1 defines x2 (nu/du'u) to be true / to happen // x2 is true because x1 says so or thinks so.
cmavrnu
x1 is the selma'o "NU".
da'inpei
x1 (agent) hypothesizes x2 (si'o/du'u/nu); x1 assumes x2 for the sake of analysis
da'inri
x1 (si'o/du'u/nu) is hypothetical / is assumed for the sake of analysis by x2
eilga
x1 (du'u/nu) should (moral obligation) be true/happen by standard x2
einvi
x1 (agent) thinks x2 (du'u/nu) should (moral obligation) be true/happen about subject/issue x3 on grounds x4
erganse
x1 [observer] senses / detects / notices x2 (object / nu) without stimulating sensory perception organs; x1 hallucinates
faunli
x1 (nu) happens together with x2 (nu); x1 happens while x2 (one sense)
ifkakne
x1 is passively x2-able under conditions x3; x1 is such that event x2 (nu) can happen to it; it is possible that x1 may undergo x2
iklki
x1 clicks (press and release) button/switch x2 to cause x3 (nu).
kinjazu
x1 does x2 (ka/nu) to show that they satisfy binary property x3 (ka) with/to audience x4.
x1 (object, process, quote, etc.) is a fail-safe mechanism/command or safe-word which halts activity x2 (nu) and produces outcome x3 (nu).
kli'iki
x1 clicks on x2, causing x3 (nu).
li'imdu
x1 (li'i) is the subjective conscious experience of x2 (nu or ka-of-x3), as experienced by x3
li'imfri
x1 consciously experiences x2 (nu/ka)
paugbu
x1 (plural) each satisfying x2 (ka), one by one, is how x3 (nu) is brought about.
tcasnuue
x1 (nu) is a conversation/dialogue/exchange/scene/series of communicative responses/series of expressions/series of messages/exchange of information event between participating speakers x2 (ordered list; ce'o) and passive or active audience members x3 (set; may repeat elements of x2) in languages x4 (use "fa'u" if desired) and via expressive media x5 (use "fa'u" if desired) in which the following utterances/messages/expressions are, in/according to frame of reference x6, made/sent or received in approximately the following chronological order: x7 (sedu'u/text/quote/lu'e concept vel sim.), x8 (sedu'u/text/quote/lu'e concept vel sim.), x9 (sedu'u/text/quote/lu'e concept vel sim.), ... (open-ended terbri structure of arbitrarily many sumti slots).
teimjau
x1 (nu, or time-/date-stamp) is the event/moment in time when the elapsed time/duration from the death or end of x2 (entity/object, or process) is equal to the temporal measure of its lifetime (elapsed time from its birth/beginning until its death/end), in frame of reference x3.
virtukai
x1 is virtually / practically / essentially x2 (ka) for purpose x3 (nu/zu'o); for the purpose of x3, x1 might as well be x2
xekcedipasocire
x1 (nu) is the act of x2 (person, entity, etc.) looking up the (definition vel sim. of the) word "xekcedipasocire" in dictionary/resource x3.

## In notes:

pajni
x1 judges/referees/arbitrates/is a judge determining/deciding matter x2 (abstract).
slabu
x1 is old/familiar/well-known to observer x2 in feature x3 (ka) by standard x4.
sa
erase complete or partial utterance; next word shows how much erasing to do.
li'i ze'ei ka (comp!)
abstractor: experience of being: x1 is x2's experience of being [bridi] (property of x2; with {ce'u} referring to x2's position)
li'i ze'ei nu (comp!)
abstractor: experience of event: x1 is x2's experience of observing or participating in [bridi] (event)
si'o ze'ei nu (comp!)
abstractor: x1 is x2's concept of the event [bridi]
bavyfa'a
x1 is futureward/to the futureward side/in the future of x2 in frame of reference/according to observer or vantage point x3.
brisnismi
x1 is a subsentence of Lojban grammar.
brocesri'inunsla
n1 is Chanukkah/Hanukkah celebrated by s1 with activities s3
bujyjbenunsla
n1 is the Vesak celebrated by s1 with activities s3.
cabnunzukykezyzga
x1 watches the event x2 unfold before their very eyes/live/red-handed/in flagrante (delicto), using senses/means x3.
cacryme'utcika
x1 (number) is the minute/minute notation of the hour, of event/state x2, in system x3.
cavgauri'i
r1=g1 is a rainmaking/ ritual intended to invoke rain r2=g2, by custom/in communityr3, with form/rulesr4.
ci'ernunbi'o
x1=n1 is a revolution that a system x2=b1=c1 becomes another system x3=b2=c1 under conditions x3=b3.
ctununta'a
x1=n1=c5 is a lecture / an event of verbal teaching by x2=t1=c1 to audience x3=t2=c2 about subject x4=t3=c4 in language x5=t4 with facts taught x6=c3.
cumnunve'u
n1 is a sales lead/opportunity for v1 to sell v2 to v3 for amount v4.
detke'u
The date [day,week,month,year] x1=d1=k1 is recurrence/repetition of the date [day,week,month,year] of the first event x2=d2, for the x3=k3'rd time, in system x3.
dimnu'e
x1 swears / takes an oath, promising/asserting x2 (abstraction), invoking fate x3 (abstraction)
djecacrytcika
x1 (number) is the hour/hour notation of the day, of event/state x2, in system x3.
dorlunra
x1 is a moon of planet x2, visible from location x3 on that planet, where it is daytime.
gusnunsla
n1 is Diwali (Deepavali) celebrated by s1 with activities s3
jaxnunco'e
x1 is involved in / is related to / pertains to / is a sumti participant in abstraction x2.
jdanunza'omro
x1=n1 is the afterlife of x2=m1 according to religion x3=l1. (no assumption that m1=l2)
jibykansa
k1 is a coworker/colleague of k2=j2 in job/occupation j1
jusysku
c1 reproach/criticizes/harshly says c2 (sedu'u/text/lu'e concept) to c3=j2 via expressive medium c4
kelkubli
ku1 is a die/are dice for game x2 with surfaces/sides ku3 (default 6).
kicnunda'a
x1 is a pillow fight in which x2 fights x3 over issue x4, using pillows/cushions x5.
krama'o
x1 (text) is a grammatical article, starter, left bracket, nominalizer of word class x2
laryrakpra
c1 sculpts/carves c2=l1 from s2 using tool s1
metnidytcika
x1 (number) is the second/second notation of the minute, of event/state x2, in system x3.
mlegaumai
ma1=g1 is a cosmetic/makeup for beautifying me1 in aspect me3, made up of material ma2 in form ma3
nunbebna
n1 is an event of b1 being foolish/silly/stupid in event/action /property (ka) b2.
nuncasnu
n1 is a conversation involving c1(s) (mass normally, but 1 individual/jo'u possible) about topic/subject c2.
nuncatra
n1 is the killing by c1 of c2 by action/method c3.
nunci'o
n1 is the youth of c1.
nuncmibi'o
n1 is the integration of b1=c1 as a member/element of group/set c2 under conditions b3
nuncne
x1=n1 is a change in property/quantity x2=c2 (ka/ni) of amount/degree x3=c3 under conditions x4=c4.
nuncti
n1 is an event at which c1 eat(s) c2.
nunda'a
n1 is a fight/battle in which d1 fights d2 over issue d3 (abstract).
nundamba
n1 is a fight/battle in which d1 fights d2 over issue d3 (abstract).
nunde'a
n1 is a pause by d1 for/until d2 at state d3 before starting/continuing d4 (activity/process).
nundenpa
n1 is a pause by d1 for/until d2 at state d3 before starting/continuing d4 (activity/process).
nunflapai
n1 is a trial of dispute j2 involving people f3.
nunfli
x1=n1 is a failure in which x2=f1 at doing x3=f2 (state/event)
nungei
x1=n1 is joy of x2=g1 from x3=g2
nungumcatra
x1=n1 is an instance of massacre/genocide/mass murder/killing spree commited by x2=c1 (agent) against x3=c2=g1(mass of people) by action/method x4=c3
nungumdjacaumro
x1 is an incident of famine
nungumpra
x1=n1 is the mass production of x2=p2 [product] by process x3=p3
nunjmaji
x1 is a gathering/meeting/assembly/conclave/conference/ congregation/congress/convention/encounter/get-together/reunion of participants x2 at location x3 from locations x4.
nunkei
n1 is a game played by k1 playing with plaything/toy k2
nunlerci
n1 is the lateness of l1 (event) by standard l2.
nunmi'a
n1 is the laugh/laughter of/by c1
nunpa'i
x1=n1 is the love of x2=p1 towards x3=p2 (object/state).
nunpai
n1 is a trial/judgement/arbitration with judge/arbitrator/referee p1 determining/deciding matter p2.
nunpe'i
x1 is a meeting between x2 and x3 at/in location x4.
nunselti'irgubycu'a
x1 is a referendum on proposal x2
nunsezyfanta
n1 is self-restraint shown by f1=s2
nunsezypa'i
x1=n1 is the narcissism of x2=s1=p1=p2
nunskezu'e
n1 is engineering in branch s2 based on methodology s3
nunsolcanci
n1 is the event of star s1=c1 setting at location c2 on planet s2
nunto'i
x1 is a torsion on x2
nuntoi
n1 is the effort of t1 trying/attempting to do/attain t2 (event/state/property) by actions/method t3
nuntumdesku
n1 is an earthquake at location t2.
nunve'u
n1 is a sale/transaction between v1 and v3
nunzi'e
n1 is the freedom of z1 doing z2 under condition z3.
plajva
j1=p2 is a policy by p1 policy maker regarding j3 subject of policy, j1 is political
repmi'i
m1=c1 is a harvester/reaper/machine for harvesting crop c2 from source c3.
rilsletei
x1 is tempo of rhythmic movement x2 with the unit x3; x1 is a time interval and corresponds to the unit x3 of a form of rhythm of x2.
si'ernunda'a
x1 is a snowball fight in which x2 fights x3 over issue x4, using snow/snowballs x5.
sudgau
g1 dries/dehydrates s1, removing liquid s2
sumdai
x1 is an object (may or may not be material); any object that can be the subject of a noun or sumti; "object" in object-oriented programming
tolja'e
The negation of x1 (event/state) is a result/outcome/conclusion of antecedent x2 (event/state). x1 is prevented by x2.
tolki'u
x1 (event/state) is a reason/justification/explanation for/causing/permitting the negation of x2 (event/state). x1 prevents x2.
tolmu'i
x1 (event/state) motivates/is a motive/incentive for the negation of x2 (event/state), per volition of x3. x1 prevents x2.
tolni'i
x1 (event/state) logically necessitates/entails/implies the negation of x2 (event/state), under rules/logic system x3. x1 prevents x2.
tolri'a
x1 (event/state) effects/physically causes the negation of x2 (event/state). x1 prevents x2.
xislivnunsla
n1 is Easter celebrated by s1 with activities s3
zifnunsla
n1 is Independence Day celebrated by s1 with activities s3
zilmipri
x1 is secret/hidden from x2 by method x3.
datro
x1 (event) is dated/pertaining to day/occurring on day x2 of month x3 of year x4 in calendar x5
bu'ai
abstractor: abstractor to create logically quantified selbri variable to be used in predicate logic of third or higher order.
gi'ei
afterthought abstraction wrapper
i'au
reset bridi-level to zero
ji'oi
This cmavo precedes a predicate (at least binary) and turns it into a conjunction, which syntactically behaves like JA cmavo. The predicate indicates the relationship between the two connected propositions. Terminator: {te'u}.
jo'oi
non-logical connective: the more ..., the more...
ju'ei
Tight scope bridi separator; analogous to {.i} without ending the abstractor or relative clause.
lu'ei
convert a grammatical quotation to a tanru unit; x1 expresses/says the quoted text for audience x2 via expressive medium x3.
no'au
Introduces a bridi relative clause, with the scope of {xoi} and the semantics of {noi}
oi'i
sentence link/continuation; continuing sentences on same topic with the observative sumti filled with {la'e} {di'u}
sei'e
evidential builder: I know by means ...
vy'y
brisni/statement terminator.
xe'u
Abstraction variable indicator selbrisle.
zu'ei
Adverbial, metacommentary-introducing, and complex discursive: I express this utterance/construct/(rest of the) bridi which has been tagged for the purpose or goal of enacting, causing, enabling, implementing, actualizing, manifesting, enhancing, yielding, or rendering applicable the immediately following and enclosed bridi or in order to make the immediately following and enclosed bridi be true (or closer to the truth or more true or more strongly true) in application to the utterance/construct/rest of the bridi which has been tagged by this marker; the tagged expression/construct is for the benefit or sake of making the immediately following and enclosed bridi true.
anci
x1 hints, alludes, provides a clue at x2 (object, event, numeral); x2 is hinted
banketa
x1 is a banquet
ckafre'ole
x1 is a quantity of cafĂ© au lait [coffee beverage] of composition/type x2.
dansrvalze
x1=d1 dances waltz with x2 to accompaniment/music/rhythm x3=d2.
jednpa
x1 (event/state) is on Monday or the first day of a week x2 in system x3.
masnpa
x1 (event/state) is in the first month/January of a year x2 in system x3.
nundumu
x1 is an event/state described by bridi x2
onckire
x1 wears 'on' (Japanese term) on x2 due to x3; x1 is thankful/feels obligation/owes to x2 due to x3; x2 is kind/grants favor/offers 'on' to x1 in x3; x1 has unpayable debt to x2 for x3; x2 is an 'onjin' (benefactor, Japanese term)
su'umdu
x1 is the predicate abstraction described by text x2, and is of type x3
du'u bu
the last sumti having a {du'u}-abstraction at its topmost level inside
gi bu
pro-sumti: in the second half of a sumti forethought connective expression, refers to the first half.
ka bu
the last sumti having a {ka}-abstraction at its topmost level inside
lu bu
pro-sumti: refers to the last complete {lu}-quotation
ni bu
the last sumti having a {ni}-abstraction at its topmost level inside
re zei taulka
x1 is a part of Lojban text representing rule 'tanru-unit-2' according to the first edition of the book 'The Complete Lojban Language'.